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Rhythmic EEG patterns in extremely preterm infants: Classification and association with brain injury and outcome
Univ Med Ctr Utrecht, Wilhelmina Childrens Hosp, Dept Neonatol, Utrecht, Netherlands.;Univ Med Ctr Utrecht, Brain Ctr Rudolf Magnus, Utrecht, Netherlands..
Univ Med Ctr Utrecht, Wilhelmina Childrens Hosp, Dept Neonatol, Utrecht, Netherlands..
Univ Med Ctr Utrecht, Wilhelmina Childrens Hosp, Dept Neonatol, Utrecht, Netherlands.;Univ Med Ctr Utrecht, Brain Ctr Rudolf Magnus, Utrecht, Netherlands..
Univ Med Ctr Utrecht, Wilhelmina Childrens Hosp, Dept Neonatol, Utrecht, Netherlands.;Univ Med Ctr Utrecht, Dept Clin Neurophysiol, Utrecht, Netherlands..
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2017 (English)In: Clinical Neurophysiology, ISSN 1388-2457, E-ISSN 1872-8952, Vol. 128, no 12, p. 2428-2435Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: Classify rhythmic EEG patterns in extremely preterm infants and relate these to brain injury and outcome.

Methods: Retrospective analysis of 77 infants born <28 weeks gestational age (GA) who had a 2-channel EEG during the first 72 h after birth. Patterns detected by the BrainZ seizure detection algorithm were categorized: ictal discharges, periodic epileptiform discharges (PEDs) and other waveforms. Brain injury was assessed with sequential cranial ultrasound (cUS) and MRI at term-equivalent age. Neurodevelopmental outcome was assessed with the BSITD-III (2 years) and WPPSI-III-NL (5 years).

Results: Rhythmic patterns were observed in 62.3% (ictal 1.3%, PEDs 44%, other waveforms 86.3%) with multiple patterns in 36.4%. Ictal discharges were only observed in one and excluded from further analyses. The EEG location of the other waveforms (p < 0.05), but not PEDs (p = 0.238), was significantly associated with head position. No relation was found between the median total duration of each pattern and injury on cUS and MRI or cognition at 2 and 5 years.

Conclusions: Clear ictal discharges are rare in extremely preterm infants. PEDs are common but their significance is unclear. Rhythmic waveforms related to head position are likely artefacts.& para;& para;Significance: Rhythmic EEG patterns may have a different significance in extremely preterm infants. (C) 2017 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD , 2017. Vol. 128, no 12, p. 2428-2435
Keywords [en]
EEG, Seizures, Periodic epileptiform discharges, PED, Preterm infant, Brain injury, Outcome
National Category
Neurology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-342669DOI: 10.1016/j.clinph.2017.08.035ISI: 000415788600010PubMedID: 29096216OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-342669DiVA, id: diva2:1186100
Available from: 2018-02-27 Created: 2018-02-27 Last updated: 2018-02-27Bibliographically approved

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