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Hur påverkar fysisk aktivitet personer med cystisk fibros?
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

BAKGRUND: Personer med cystisk fibros (CF) har bland annat på grund av tjockt slem i lungorna försämrad lungfunktion och lungkapacitet. Den nedsatta hälsan leder i många fall till en nedsatt livskvalitet. 

SYFTE: Syftet med den här litteraturstudien var att ta reda på hur fysisk aktivitet påverkar lungfunktionen och livskvaliteten hos patienter med cystisk fibros. METOD: Sökningar i databaserna Pubmed, Cochrane och Cinahl utfördes för att hitta relevanta artiklar som tog upp sambandet mellan lungfunktion, fysisk aktivitet och livskvalitet.

RESULTAT: Med regelbunden träning kan de olika måtten på lungfunktion och kapacitet förbättras. Vissa träningsformer ger bättre resultat på lungkapacitet, och vissa visar större resultat på FEV1. Deltagarna skattade även högre på enkäter om livskvalitet efter avslutat intervention.

SLUTSATS: Fysisk aktivitet är positivt för patienter med cystisk fibros och bör rekommenderas för alla. Även om det i sällsynta fall sker en initial försämring kan det vända och bli positivt sedan. Ett roterande schema med olika typer av fysisk aktivitet kan ge patienterna en generell förbättring av sin lungfunktion. En ökad lungfunktion kan även leda till en ökad livskvalitet.

Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: People diagnosed with cystic fibrosis (CF) have a lower lung function and capacity partially due to thick mucus. The declining health can also lead to a lower quality of life. AIM: The aim with this review was to find out how physical activity affects the lung function and quality of life in patients with cystic fibrosis.

METHODS: Searches in the databases Pubmed, Cochrane and Cinahl were executed to find relevant articles that brought up the connection between lung function, physical activity and quality of life.

RESULTS: With regular exercise the different variables measuring lung function and capacity can improve. Some forms of physical activity gave better results on lung capacity, while some showed bigger results on FEV1. The participants scored higher on questionnaires about quality of life after completed intervention.

CONCLUSIONS: Physical activity is positive for all patients with cystic fibrosis and should be recommended for everyone. Even when there are rare cases that show an initial decrease in health in the beginning, the positive effects will come later. A rotating schedule of different types of exercise could give the patients an over all improvement of their lung function. An increase in lung function could also lead to an increased quality of life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
Cystic fibrosis, physical activity, lung function, lung capacity, spirometry, quality of life
Keywords [sv]
Cystisk fibros, fysisk aktivitet, lungfunktion, lungkapacitet, spirometri, livskvalitet
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-343178OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-343178DiVA, id: diva2:1185661
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Examiners
Available from: 2018-02-28 Created: 2018-02-26 Last updated: 2018-02-28Bibliographically approved

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