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Compliance to intraoperative basic hygiene in the operating theatre and patient safety culture in Mozambique
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences. (Vårdvetenskap)
Uppsala University.
2016 (English)In: Journal of Prevention and Infection Control., Vol. 2, no 1, p. 1-13, article id 13Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Surgical site infections are commonly occurring within healthcare, especially in Africa. Good hygiene is the most effective way in which to reduce and prevent infection. However, compliance is often low or insufficient.

Objective: To assess intraoperative compliance to basic hygiene in the operating theatre and the staffs’ views on patient safety and to assess whether adherence to hand hygiene is related to patient safety culture in a developing country. Methods: The design was a structured observation in order to gathered information on compliance to basic intraoperative hygiene routines in operating theatres in Mozambique. Theatre staff was also asked to complete a survey on patient safety culture.

Results: The study reveals that none of the work elements were performed in complete compliance to WHO’s guidelines at all times. The theatre staff’s views on patient safety culture showed the highest percentage of positive responses was within “Teamwork Within Hospital Units” and the dimensions with the least positive response was “Nonpunitive Response To Error” and “Staffing”. A medium relation was found between compliance to basic hygiene and the results of the patient safety culture survey.

Conclusion: This study shows that compliance to basic hygiene during the intraoperative phase in theatre was insufficient. There was a medium relation between the views of the staff on patient safety and their compliance to basic hand hygiene. This implies that working with the attitudes of the staff concerning patient safety could be one way of improving hygiene compliance which would be expected to reduce the number of surgical site infections.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 2, no 1, p. 1-13, article id 13
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-342641OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-342641DiVA, id: diva2:1184980
Available from: 2018-02-22 Created: 2018-02-22 Last updated: 2018-02-23Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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