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Adherence to guidelines in patients with chronic heart failure in primary health care
Örebro Univ, Örebro, Sweden; Cty Council Värmland, Karlstad, Sweden.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Lung- allergy- and sleep research. Cty Council Värmland, Karlstad, Sweden.
Cty Council Värmland, Karlstad, Sweden; Karlstad Univ, Karlstad, Sweden.
2017 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, ISSN 0281-3432, E-ISSN 1502-7724, Vol. 35, no 4, p. 336-343Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To describe adherence to international guidelines for chronic heart failure (CHF) management concerning diagnostics, pharmacological treatment and self-care behaviour in primary health care.

DESIGN: A cross-sectional descriptive study of patients with CHF, using data obtained from medical records and a postal questionnaire.

SETTING: Three primary health care centres in Sweden.

SUBJECTS: Patients with a CHF diagnosis registered in their medical record.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Adherence to recommended diagnostic tests and pharmacological treatment by the European Society of Cardiology guidelines and self-care behaviour, using the European Heart Failure Self-care Behaviour Scale (EHFScBS-9).

RESULTS: The 155 participating patients had a mean age of 79 (SD9) years and 89 (57%) were male. An ECG was performed in all participants, 135 (87%) had their NT-proBNP measured, and 127 (82%) had transthoracic echocardiography performed. An inhibitor of the renin angiotensin system (RAS) was prescribed in 120 (78%) patients, however only 45 (29%) in target dose. More men than women were prescribed RAS-inhibition. Beta blockers (BBs) were prescribed in 117 (76%) patients, with 28 (18%) at target dose. Mineralocorticoidreceptor antagonists were prescribed in 54 (35%) patients and daily diuretics in 96 (62%). The recommended combination of RAS-inhibitors and BBs was prescribed to 92 (59%), but only 14 (9%) at target dose. The mean score on the EHFScBS-9 was 29 (SD 6) with the lowest adherence to daily weighing and consulting behaviour.

CONCLUSION: Adherence to guidelines has improved since prior studies but is still suboptimal particularly with regards to medication dosage. There is also room for improvement in patient education and self-care behaviour.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 35, no 4, p. 336-343
Keywords [en]
Guideline adherence, chronic heart failure, diagnostic assessment, pharmacological treatment, primary health care, self-care behaviour
National Category
Respiratory Medicine and Allergy Physiotherapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-342334DOI: 10.1080/02813432.2017.1397253ISI: 000416735200006PubMedID: 29105550OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-342334DiVA, id: diva2:1184084
Funder
Region VärmlandAvailable from: 2018-02-20 Created: 2018-02-20 Last updated: 2018-03-02Bibliographically approved

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