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Välja strider i förskolan: En kvalitativ studie om demokratisk fostran och Alla Barn i Centrum
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Choosing Battles in Preschool : A Qualitative Study on Democracy and All Children at the Centre (English)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of my study is to investigate how working with ABC (All Children at the Centre) can be interpreted based on a democratic education in preschool. ABC is a socioemotional course provided by an external agency which is subsequently available to teachers and parents within certain councils, throughout the country. Through semi-structured qualitative interviews with four teachers I have explored how they describe their work on choosing battles - based on ABC methodology. This has subsequently been analyzed in the results section based on my interpretation of Gert Biestas (2006, 2011) theories of democracy. Results indicate that routine situations emerge as restrictive and can hamper children's potential actions. However, through the ABC methodology - choose battles, teachers claim to see a decrease in conflicts, due to an approach characterized by an awareness of the restrictive conditions the children face. My conclusion from the interviews is that the ABC-choosing battles methodology appears to contribute to a democratic education in preschool, however it seems in the interviews that it could also lead to an over-generalized perspective where children's actions are seen only as a strategy for attention. This could subsequently lead to a situation where an appreciation of Biestas definition of plurality is sorely lacking.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med min studie är att undersöka hur arbetet med ABC (Alla Barn i Centrum) kan förstås utifrån en demokratisk fostran i förskolan. ABC är ett socioemotionellt program från en extern agent, som vissa kommuner erbjuder till pedagoger och föräldrar runtom i landet. Genom semistrukturerade kvalitativa intervjuer med fyra pedagoger har jag undersökt hur de beskriver sitt arbete med att välja strider - utifrån ABC. Beskrivningarna har sedan analyserats i resultatdelen utifrån min tolkning av Gert Biestas (2006, 2011) teorier om demokrati. Resultatet visar att rutinsituationer framkommer som begränsande för barns möjlighet till handlande. Men genom ABC - välja strider anser pedagogerna att konflikter minskar, genom att pedagogerna reflekterar över vilka motstånd barnen möts av, och hur. Min slutsats utifrån ABC-pedagogernas beskrivningar är att det tycks vara möjligt att ABC - välja strider kan bidra till en demokratisk fostran i förskolan. Men det kan samtidigt finnas en risk att en syn där barns handlande förstås som endast en strategi för att få uppmärksamhet, kan leda till en stor generalisering. Det kan i sin tur medföra att det Biesta ser som pluralitet inte värdesätts tillräckligt mycket.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 24
Keywords [en]
Democracy, preschool, All Children at the Centre (ABC), Biestas theory on democracy, socioemotional, setting boundaries
Keywords [sv]
Demokratisk fostran, förskolan, Alla Barn i Centrum (ABC), Biestas teori om demokrati, socioemotionella program, sätta gränser
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-66333OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-66333DiVA, id: diva2:1182611
Subject / course
Pedagogy
Educational program
Early Years Education Programme, 210 hp
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-02-14 Created: 2018-02-14 Last updated: 2018-02-14Bibliographically approved

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