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Gungstolsterapi – en omvårdnadsåtgärd i psykiatrisk heldygnsvård: En stol som berör
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Rocking chair therapy – a nursing intervention in mental health care : Moving emotions (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Gungstolsterapi som omvårdnadsåtgärd är outforskat inom den psykiatriska heldygnsvården. Vetenskapliga studier av den typ av gungstol som här studerats har inte gått att hitta.

Syfte: Syftet med studien var att utvärdera gungstolsterapi som omvårdnadsåtgärd vid en psykiatrisk heldygnsvårdsavdelning.

Metod: En naturalistisk studie med både kvantitativa och kvalitativa inslag genomfördes. Under studieperioden fick patienter som vårdades på en psykiatrisk heldygnsvårdsavdelning lämna självskattningar på en VAS-skala avseende sitt mående före och efter genomförd gungstolsterapi. Patienterna kunde också lämna en skriftlig kommentar om gungningen.

Resultat: Resultatet visar att deltagarna skattat en genomsnittlig förbättring motsvarande 16%-enheter i sitt generella mående efter genomförd gungning. Genomsnittliga gungtid var 33 min/gungtillfälle. Majoriteten av patienterna som deltog i studien har bipolär sjukdom. Många deltagare föredrog att gunga en viss del av dygnet. Innehållsanalysen av kommentarerna ledde till att fem kategorier bildades som sammanfattades i temat "En stol som berör". Den genomförda studien visar att patienterna generellt sett upplevde ett ökat välbefinnande efter gungstolsterapin. Studien visar också att inga allvarliga händelser inträffat vid användningen av gungstolen. Resultatet i de båda delarna av studien harmonierar väl med varandra.

Slutsats: Studien ger underlag att rekommendera patienter gungstolsterapi för att förbättra sitt mående eller i symtomlindrande syfte. Genomgången visar att många patienter har individuella preferenser för sitt gungande. Gungstolsterapi bör ses som en hälsofrämjande egenvårdsåtgärd som patienten kan utföra dygnet runt och som kan läggas in i patientens vårdplan.

Abstract [en]

Background: Rocking chair therapy has been poorly researched. There are no scientific research studies where the current rocking chair was evaluated.

Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate rocking chair therapy as a nursing intervention in an inpatient psychiatric setting.

Method: A mixed method design, combining quantitative and qualitative approaches, was used. The participants were asked to rate their well-being in a form by using a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) before and after rocking chair therapy. Participants also had the possibility to leave free text comments in the form.

Results: The participants rated a 16% increase in their well-being after using the rocking chair. The average rocking time was 33 minutes. The majority of the participants are diagnosed with bipolar disorder. Many participants preferred to use the rocking chair during a specific time frame every day. The content analysis resulted in five categories and the underlying meaning could be expressed by the theme "Moving emotions". No adverse effects were recorded during the study. Both the quantitative and qualitative analysis show positive results and there are no contradictions in the results.

Conclusion: This study support the mental health nurse to recommend psychiatric patients to try rocking chair therapy as a way to increase well-being or reduce distress, it is also a method well suited for self-management. Each patient has his/her own preferences for using rocking chair therapy. The use of rocking chair therapy can easily be included in the patient’s personal care plan.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 30
Keywords [en]
rocking chair therapy, nursing, psychiatric nursing, inpatient psychiatric nursing, nursing interventions, self-management
Keywords [sv]
gungstolsterapi, omvårdnad, psykiatrisk omvårdnad, psykiatrisk heldygnsvård, omvårdnadsåtgärder, egenvård
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-2537OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-2537DiVA, id: diva2:1182558
Educational program
Postgraduate Program in Specialist Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-02-14 Created: 2018-02-13 Last updated: 2018-02-14Bibliographically approved

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