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Hur får vi energi?: En kvalitativ semistruktuerad intervjustudie om barns uppfattningar kring kroppens energiprocesser.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
How do we get energy? : A qualitative semi structured interview study of preschool children´s perceptions about acknowledging the field of energy process in the human body. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Denna studie har som syfte att studera vilka tankar förskolebarn i åldern mellan 5-6 år har om energiprocesser kopplat till människokroppen. Metoden var en kvalitativ semistrukturerad intervjustudie som genomfördes på en förskola samt i en förskoleklass. Teoretiska utgångspunkten var social konstruktivism. Intervjuerna kompletterades med en docka som blev ett kommunikativt redskap. Resultatet av studien visar att de flesta barn relatera mat som en viktig energikälla. Barnens tankar om vart de får sin energi ifrån ligger i vardagsspråket, där barnen använder energi begreppet som att känner sig utvilad och har ork för att kunna leka. Den skiljer sig till den naturvetenskapliga betydelsen av energi där vi får vår energi genom cellandningen. Barns tankar om hur de får sin energi skiljer sig och sammanfattas i fem olika kategorier. Kategorierna är: genom mat, genom rörelse, genom vila, genom vätska och genom syre. 

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study is to investigate how preschool children between the age of 5 and 6 years reflect about energy processes connected to the body. The study was conducted with semi structured interviews with a preschool class and a preschool. The theoretical framework for the study is social constructivism. The study was conducted with communicative tools (a doll). The result of the study is most children relate food as an important source of energy. Children ́s perceptions about where they got the energy from, lies in the form of informal language, where they use the word energy when they feel alert and have strength to play. It differs from the science ́s descriptions of energy, that we obtain energy through cellular respiration. Children ́s perceptions about where they got the energy from are divided into five categories. The categories are: through food, through motion, through rest, through fluid and through oxygen. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 22
Keywords [en]
Chemistry, energy, food, preschool, perceptions, science
Keywords [sv]
Energi, förskola, förskoleklass, kemi, mat, naturvetenskap, tankar, uppfattningar
National Category
Other Chemistry Topics Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-66305OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-66305DiVA, id: diva2:1182482
Subject / course
Chemistry
Educational program
Early Years Education Programme, 210 hp
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-02-13 Created: 2018-02-13 Last updated: 2018-02-13Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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