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Barns delaktighet, ett ouppnåeligt krav?: En studie kring socialsekreterares uppfattning om barns delaktighet i barnavårdsutredningar
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Children's participation, an unachievable demand? : A study about social workers perception about children's participation in child welfare investigations (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med examensarbetet är att undersöka hur socialsekreterare definierar barns delaktighet och hur eventuella utmaningar påverkar socialsekreterares arbete med att göra barnen delaktiga. För att besvara vårt syfte intervjuade vi åtta socialsekreterare inom två kommuner i Mellansverige för att ta del av deras uppfattning kring barns delaktighet, vilka eventuella utmaningar de möter samt hur socialsekreterare gör barnet delaktig i praktiken. Vår data analyserades utifrån Shiers delaktighetsmodell, tre av BBIC:s grundprinciper samt tidigare forskning. Resultatet som framkom visade att socialsekreterare har en liknande definition av vad barns delaktighet innebär. Det skiljer sig dock huruvida i vilken utsträckning barnet blir delaktig. Informanterna är alla överens om att barnet bör bli mer delaktig. Det har även framkommit ett flertal utmaningar som förhindrar socialsekreterares arbete att involvera barnet i utredningsprocessen. Dessa utmaningar kan vara barnets föräldrar, barnet själv samt socialsekreterares uppfattning om sig själv och sin arbetsmiljö. Det visade sig även i vårt resultat att socialsekreterare har olika tillvägagångssätt för att göra barnet delaktig i utredningsprocessen. Vår slutsats utifrån de intervjuer vi utfört samt tidigare forskning är att barnen i dagsläget inte anses vara tillräckligt delaktiga i sin egen utredningsprocess. Det är främst utmaningar, såsom föräldrar, barnet själv, tidsbrist och socialsekreteraren, som förhindrar barnets delaktighet. Detta då socialsekreterare, på grund av detta, upplever en svårighet att involvera barnet från första början.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of our essay aims to explore how social workers define children’s participation and how possible challenges may affect the social workers work to make the children participated. In order to answer our purpose we interviewed eight social workers within two municipalities in the middle of Sweden, to get a acquainted with their perception about children’s participation. As well as possible challenges they may encounter and what social workers do to involve children in practice. Our data were analyzed on the basis of Shier’s ”Pathways to participation”, BBIC’s fundamental principles and previous research. The result that emerged showed that social workers have a similar perception about the meaning of children’s participation. It differs however, regarding the extent to which the child is participated. The informants all agree that the children should be more participated. It was also discovered that there are multiple challenges that prevent the social workers to involve children in their investigationsprocess. These challenges might be the parents of the children, the child itself and the social workers perception of them self and their work environment. Our result also showed that the social workers have different approach in how they participate children in their investigationprocess. Our conclusion based on the interviews we conducted, as well as previous research is that children today aren’t considered to be enough participated in their own investigationprocess. It is primarily the possible challenges, as the child’s parents, the child itself, the lack of time and the social worker itself, that prevent the children’s participation, this because social workers feel a difficulty to involve and make the child participated from the beginning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 42
Keywords [en]
Children, Social Workers, Participation, Impact, Challenges, BBIC
Keywords [sv]
Barn, Socialsekreterare, Delaktighet, Inflytande, Utmaningar, BBIC
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-66183OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-66183DiVA, id: diva2:1181617
Subject / course
Social Work
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Social Work (210 ECTS credits)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-02-14 Created: 2018-02-09 Last updated: 2018-02-14Bibliographically approved

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