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Metoder i bemötandet av barn med smärta: En allmän litteraturstudie
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
The Swedish Red Cross University College.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Methods to meet children with pain : A general literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Att beskriva metoder i bemötandet av barn med smärta inom sjukvåden.

Metod: En allmän litteraturstudie baserad på tio kvalitativa studier publicerade mellan 2008– 2017.

Resultat: Resultatet visade att det var komplext för sjuksköterskor att finna rätt metod för att bemöta barn med smärta inom sjukvården. Dock identifierades olika metoder som kunde underlätta för sjuksköterskorna. Detta resulterade i tre huvudfynd: distraktion, delaktighet och förtroendeskap. Det krävdes både kompetens och kunskap av sjuksköterskorna att utföra dessa metoder på ett strukturerat och evidensbaserat arbetssätt.

Slutsats och förslag på fortsatt forskning: Sjuksköterskan har stora möjligheter att bemöta barns smärta inom sjukvården med hjälp av olika metoder. Barn 6–12 år påverkas i stor utsträckning av det bemötande och förhållningssätt sjuksköterskan använder sig av. Ett personcentrerat, åldersanpassat och väl förberett möte skänker trygghet för barnen och minskar deras upplevelse av smärta vid olika procedurer i sjukvården. Det krävs dock mer forskning på hur sjuksköterskan ska bemöta och involvera barn på ett personcentrerat sätt i sjukvården.

Abstract [en]

Aim: To describe methods in the meeting of children with pain in healthcare.

Method: A general literature study based on ten qualitative studies published between 2008- 2017.

Result: The results showed that it was a complex issue for nurses to find the right methods in the meeting of children with pain in the healthcare environment. However, different methods were identified that could make the work easier for the nurses. This resulted in three main findings: distraction, participation and confidence properties. Skills and knowledge from nurses were required to execute these methods in a structured and evidence-based approach.

Conclusion and suggestions for further research: Nurses have great opportunities to meet children in pain through different methods. Children 6-12 years are largely influenced by the treatment and attitude from the nurses. A person-centered, age-adjusted and well-prepared meeting provides child safety and reduces their experience of pain in different healthcare procedures. However, more research is needed on how the nurse should respond and involve children in a person-centered way in the healthcare sector.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 27
Keywords [en]
children, methods, procedural pain, nurses, participation.
Keywords [sv]
barn, metoder, procedurrelaterad smärta, sjuksköterskor, delaktighet
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:rkh:diva-2536OAI: oai:DiVA.org:rkh-2536DiVA, id: diva2:1181223
Educational program
Undergraduate Nursing Program
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-02-09 Created: 2018-02-08 Last updated: 2018-02-09Bibliographically approved

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