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Är stillasittande och stress associerade med muskuloskeletala besvär hos kontorsarbetare?: -En tvärsnittsstudie
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Muskuloskeletala besvär (MSD) utgör ett stort hälsoproblem. Besvären består av smärta i muskler, leder, ligament och omgivande vävnad. Två orsaker till MSD på arbetsplatsen är stress och stillasittande. Syftet med studien var att testa hypoteserna att stress och stillasittande associerar var för sig till MSD och associerar mer till MSD tillsammans än separat. Deltagarantalet var 100 kontorsarbetare, 48 kvinnor och 52 män, med höj- och sänkbara bord. Medelåldern på samtliga deltagare var 42 år. De besvarade en webbenkät för att mäta variablerna stress och stillasittande i förhållande till MSD. Standardiserade instrumenten PSS-10 (Perceived Stress Scale - 10) och NMQ (Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire) användes bland annat i enkäten. Data analyserades med multipel linjär regression, två separata enkla linjära regressioner och stegvis regression. Resultaten visade statistisk signifikans för modellen med stress och stillasittande tillsammans där endast stress associerade med MSD (p=0.011). Resultatet för de två enkla linjära regressionerna gav att stress associerade till MSD (p=0.008) medan stillasittande inte gjorde det (p=0.280). Nollhypoteserna kunde inte förkastas eftersom stillasittande inte associerade till MSD och en jämförelse mellan justerad R2 gav stress för sig (justerat R2=0.061) en bättre modell än stress och stillasittande tillsammans (justerat R2=0.056). 

Abstract [en]

Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) constitute a major health problem. The symptoms consist of pain in muscles, joints, ligaments and surrounding tissues. Two causes of MSD in office work are stress and sedentary behaviour. The purpose of this study was to test the hypotheses that stress and sedentary behaviour are associated individually with MSD and associates more with MSD together than separately. The number of participants was 100 office workers, 48 women and 52 men, with sit and stand tables. The average age of all participants was 42 years. They responded to a five-piece web questionnaire to measure the variables stress and sedentary behaviour in relation to MSD. The standardized instruments PSS-10 (Perceived Stress Scale - 10) and NMQ (Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire) were used, among other things, in the survey. Data was analyzed with multiple linear regression, two separate simple linear regressions and stepwise regression. The results showed statistical significance for stress and sedentary behavior together, only stress was associated with MSD (p = 0.011). The result of the two simple linear regressions resulted in stress associated with MSD (p = 0.008) while sedentary behavior did not (p = 0.280). the null hypotheses could not be rejected because sedentary behaviour did not associate with MSD and a comparison between adjusted R2 gave stress separately (adjusted R2 = 0.061) a better model than stress and sedentary behavior together (adjusted R2 = 0.056).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keywords [en]
MSD, stress, sedentary behaviour, office work
Keywords [sv]
MSD, stress, stillasittande, kontorsarbete
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-144621OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-144621DiVA, id: diva2:1181180
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-02-08 Created: 2018-02-08 Last updated: 2018-02-08Bibliographically approved

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