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Isoleringsvård: Systematisk litteraturstudie om patienters upplevelser vid smittsam sjukdom
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Smittsamma sjukdomar är ett ökande problem för världen med ständig utveckling av bland annat antibiotikaresistenta bakterier, vilket kan göra att patienter med smittsam sjukdom blir komplicerade att vårda. För att minska smittspridning vårdas patienter i isolering, vilket kan medföra negativa upplevelser. Problem: När patienter vårdas i isolering blir de begränsade i sin livssituation. Deras möjlighet till att socialisera och interagera med andra människor försvåras, vilket kan ge upphov till ohälsa och eventuellt lidande. Isoleringsvård innebär även tillämpning av skydds- och försiktighetsåtgärder som orsakar ökad arbetsbelastning för sjukvårdspersonal, vilket kan leda till sämre omvårdnadskvalitet för patienter som vårdas i isolering. Syfte: Beskriva patienters upplevelser av isoleringsvård vid smittsam sjukdom. Metod: Kvalitativ systematisk litteraturstudie med beskrivande syntes, där tio analyserade vetenskapliga artiklar användes i resultatet. Resultat: Det framkom både negativa och positiva upplevelser hos patienter som vårdas i isolering. Dessa delades in i två övergripande teman; Vårdas i ensamhet med tre tillhörande subteman och Behov av att förstå med två tillhörande subteman. Slutsats: Sjukvårdspersonal behöver anpassa den vård som ges med hänsyn till patienters omvårdnadsbehov. Genom att sjukvårdspersonal får utökade kunskaper om patienters positiva och negativa upplevelser av isoleringsvård kan sjukvårdspersonal anpassa vårdandet. 

Abstract [en]

Background: Communicable diseases is an increasing problem world-wide due to the ongoing increase of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, which makes the diseases hard to treat. Patients are forcibly being treated in isolation due to the risk of spreading the infection to other people, this can cause negative experiences for these patients. Problem: Patients who are being treated in isolation are forced into a limited situation in their lives. Their possibilities of socializing and interacting with other people are reduced which could cause unhealthiness and suffering. Isolation care means that healthcare professionals have to apply precautionary methods with protective equipment when treating these patients. This could cause an increased workload for healthcare professionals and lead to poor quality of care for patients in isolation. Aim: To describe patients’ experience of isolation care due to communicable diseases. Method: A systematic review with a descriptive synthesis, and ten articles were analyzed for the result. Result: Both negative and positive experiences were identified of patient treated in isolation. These experiences were divided into two major themes; To receive care in loneliness with three included sub-themes and The need to understand with two included sub-themes. Conclusion: Healthcare professionals have to adapt the care to the needs of the unique patient. If healthcare professionals had more knowledge of caring for patients in isolation some of the negative experiences could be eliminated and lead to better quality of care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
communicable disease, experience, isolation, isolation care, systematic reviews, patient, qualitative
Keywords [sv]
isolering, isoleringsvård, patient, smittsam sjukdom, systematisk litteraturstudie, upplevelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-38535OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-38535DiVA, id: diva2:1180183
Subject / course
Caring Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-02-06 Created: 2018-02-05 Last updated: 2018-02-06Bibliographically approved

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