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Overview of Legionella Bacteria Infection: Control and Treatment Methods
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3573-6424
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Architecture and Water.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7144-9778
2009 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Since the first recognized outbreak of Legionnaires' disease (LD) in 1976, it has become an increasing problem around the world especially in poor countries. Legionella (L) causes an estimated 15,000 annual cases of pneumonia in USA, and leads to death in about 20% of the cases. L is found worldwide in both natural and artificial environments e.g. spa pools, cooling towers. It infects people by inhaled contaminated aerosols that can transmit several km. The optimal temperature for L growth is 20-45C. Control of L is therefore an important health issue. Many treatment methods are used; biocides, ionisation, ozone, UV-radiation, pressure, and thermal treatment. Only thermal treatment can completely eliminate L, which is killed almost instantly at 70C. Current paper gives an overview of the Legionella problem and treatment methods.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009.
National Category
Engineering and Technology Water Engineering
Research subject
Water Resources Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-67441OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-67441DiVA, id: diva2:1179119
Conference
International Conference on Thermal Energy Storage: 14/06/2009-17/06/2009.
Available from: 2018-01-31 Created: 2018-01-31 Last updated: 2018-02-15Bibliographically approved

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fulltext(199 kB)14 downloads
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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
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