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Birth order and child health
Uppsala University.
Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. Uppsala University.
2016 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Previous research has established that birth order affects outcomes such as educational achievements, IQ and earnings. The mechanisms behind these effects are however still largely unknown. In this paper we examine birth order effects on health, and whether health at young age could be a transmission channel for birth order effects observed later in life. We find no support for the birth order effect having a biological origin; rather firstborns have worse health at birth. This disadvantage is reversed in early age and later-born siblings are more likely to be hospitalized for injuries and avoidable conditions, which could be related to less parental attention. In adolescence and as young adults younger siblings are more likely to bein poor mental health and to be admitted to hospital for alcohol induced health conditions. We also critically test for reverse causality by estimating fertility responses to health of existing children. We conclude that the effects on health are not severely biased, however the large negative birth order effects on infant mortality are partly due to endogenous fertility responses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linnaeus University Centre for Labour Market and Discrimination Studies , 2016. , p. 43
Series
Working paper series: Linnaeus University Centre for Labour Market and Discrimination Studies ; 2016:4
Keywords [en]
Birth order, Child health, Parental behavior, Endogenous fertility
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economy, Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-70312OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-70312DiVA, id: diva2:1179038
Available from: 2018-01-31 Created: 2018-01-31 Last updated: 2018-01-31Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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