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Test-retest reliability and construct validity of three golf specific rotational power tests in 1080 Quantum: and a presentation of the power-force-velocity profiles of elite level golfers
Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: Evaluation of power-force-velocity profiles in ballistic push-offs and in sprint movements are beneficial to enhance sport performance. There have only been a few studies investigating force-velocity profiles in rotational movements and there have not been any studies conducted on golf specific rotational movements. There is a lack of isoinertial power assessment protocols which can relate to golf swing performance. For this reason, 1080 Quantum was used for testing which is a machine able to measure power, force and velocity in several different resistance modes. Aim: The aim was to study the reliability of three golf specific rotational tests and to assess the reliable test’s validity. The secondary aim was to study the isoinertial force-velocity and power relationship in tests that assessed acceptable test-retest reliability and acceptable construct validity. Methods: Twelve high level golfers (handicap -1.5±1.2), 8 men and 4 women performed the tests with five different loads; 2 kg, 6 kg, 10 kg, 14 kg and 18kg with three golf specific rotational movements in a motorized cable machine (1080 Quantum, Sweden). The three new tests utilized were: full body rotational test (FBRT), thorax rotational test (TRT) and pelvis rotational test (PRT). Data gathered was used to study golfer’s individual force-velocity profile and to assess construct validity of the reliable tests against previously recorded normal-swing driver clubhead speed (CHSnormal), and maximum-swing driver clubhead speed (CHSmax). Construct validity was based on á priori stated hypothesizes, and data were analyzed with Spearman’s correlation coefficient (rs). Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and coefficient of variation (CV) was used to assess test-retest reliability of FBRT, TRT and PRT. Results: In the reliability assessment, the highest peak power (PP) (ICC, 0.968, 95% CI (0.889- 0.991)), corresponding peak force (PF) (ICC, 0.993, 95% CI (0.96- 0.998)) and corresponding peak velocity (PV) (ICC 0.773, 95% CI (0.17- 0.936)) was only found to be acceptable in FBRT. Construct validity assessment of FBRT was not found acceptable in either of the resistances. The calculated average slopes indicated a velocity dominant force-velocity profile for women and a force dominant for men. Conclusion: The study demonstrated that only the FBRT assessed acceptable test-retest reliability for measuring force, velocity and power. Based on our hypothesizes FBRT is not a valid indicator of golf performance on either resistance, however it had a significant moderate to good correlation with CHSmax and with CHSnormal at all resistances apart from 2 kg. FBRT should not be applied as a test, nor to be used for the calculation of the force- velocity profile since it is not valid, even though it is reliable. since it is not valid, even though it is reliable. As a result, FBRT could only be used for exercise and needs further development to improve its validity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 45
Keywords [en]
force, velocity, profile, validity, reliability, golf, performance, test, rotational exercise, force-velocity profile
Keywords [sv]
kraft, hastighet, profil, validitet, tillförlitlighet, golf, prestanda, test, rotationsövning, krafthastighetsprofil
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-36173OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-36173DiVA, id: diva2:1178063
Subject / course
Sport and Health
Supervisors
Examiners
Note

While only my name is featured on the title page of this thesis, it reached its final stage with the guidance and support of many others. I thank my primary supervisor, Ann Bremander and James Parker whom, with their professional guidance, helped complete this thesis.

Available from: 2018-01-30 Created: 2018-01-27 Last updated: 2018-01-30Bibliographically approved

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