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Multicenter Assessment of Animal-free Collagenase AF-1 for Human Islet Isolation
Univ Oxford, Nuffield Dept Surg Sci, Oxford, England.;Churchill Hosp, OCDEM, Oxford, England..
Geneva Univ Hosp, Dept Surg, Cell Isolat & Transplantat Ctr, Geneva, Switzerland..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Immunology, Genetics and Pathology, Clinical Immunology.
Geneva Univ Hosp, Dept Surg, Cell Isolat & Transplantat Ctr, Geneva, Switzerland..
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2017 (English)In: Cell Transplantation, ISSN 0963-6897, E-ISSN 1555-3892, Vol. 26, no 10, p. 1688-1693Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Animal-free (AF) SERVA Collagenase AF-1 and Neutral Protease (NP) AF GMP Grade have recently become available for human islet isolation. This report describes the initial experiences of 3 different islet transplant centers. Thirty-four human pancreases were digested using 1 vial of the 6 different lots of Collagenase AF-1 (2,000-2,583 PZ-U/vial) supplemented with 4 different lots of NP AF in a range of 50 to 160 DMC-U per pancreas. Isolation, culture, and quality assessment were performed using standard techniques as previously described. All data are presented as mean +/- standard error of the mean (SEM). Variability of pancreas weight was associated with a wide range of collagenase and NP activities, ranging from 12.7 to 46.6 PZ-U/g (26.0 +/- 1.5 PZ-U/g) and 0.4 to 3.0 DMC-U/g (1.5 +/- 0.1 DMC-U/g), respectively. Postpurification islet yield was 296,494 +/- 33,620 islet equivalents (IEQ) equivalent to 3,274 +/- 450 IEQ/g with a purity of 55.9% +/- 3.2%. Quality assessment performed after 2 to 4 d of culture demonstrated a viability of 88.1% +/- 1.5% and a stimulation index of 3.7 +/- 0.7. Eighteen of the 34 preparations were transplanted into type 1 diabetic patients equivalent to a transplantation rate of 52.9%. Six preparations, which were infused into patients as first transplant, could be analyzed and increased the fasting C-peptide level from 0.11 +/- 0.08 pretransplant to 1.23 +/- 0.24 and 2.27 +/- 0.31 ng/mL 3 and 6 mo posttransplant (P < 0.05), respectively. Insulin requirements were simultaneously reduced at the same time from 39.2 +/- 3.8 IU/d before transplantation to 10.8 +/- 4.1 and 4.0 +/- 2.3 IU/d, after 3 and 6 mo posttransplant (P < 0.05), respectively. This study demonstrates the efficiency of AF SERVA Collagenase AF-1 and NP AF for clinical islet isolation and transplantation. The new plant-based production process makes these products a safe new option for the islet field.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2017. Vol. 26, no 10, p. 1688-1693
Keywords [en]
human islet isolation, human islet transplantation, collagenase, islet quality assessment
National Category
Endocrinology and Diabetes Cell Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-339724DOI: 10.1177/0963689717731574ISI: 000418298500008PubMedID: 29251107OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-339724DiVA, id: diva2:1176535
Available from: 2018-01-22 Created: 2018-01-22 Last updated: 2018-01-22Bibliographically approved

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