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”Att ge Trump mindre ammunition i form av oförsvarliga fel är avgörande”: En komparativ analys av nyhetsrapportering om Barack Obama och Donald Trump i CNN
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
”Giving Trump less ammunition in the form of unforced errors is crucial” : A comparative analysis of the news reporting of Barack Obama and Donald Trump in CNN (English)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis is to study how the international media CNN frame their news reporting with the change of presidency in America, after a year of being accused of spreading fake news by president Trump.

By using a Critical Discourse Analysis, CDA and a rhetorical analysis I examined a selection of articles published in CNN. In total I examined ten articles from 2015 focusing on how CNN choose to portray the identity of the president at the time Barack Obama. I also selected ten articles from 2017 to analyze how the CNN choose to construct Trumps identity a year after his ascent to the president office.

The result show that Barack Obama is portrayed as an inspiring president always there for his people. Donald Trump is instead portrayed as a bad leader for the country while CNN started to focus on regaining the trust of the public.

In 2015 CNN also used more pathos and ethos arguments than in 2017 when they instead focus on arguments through logos.

CNN show that they stand by their goal to control and oversee the power of governments in democracy. Media and governments in a democracy work together to balance their power.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med den här uppsatsen är att studera hur det internationella mediet CNN gestaltar sin nyhetsrapportering, med förändringen av olika presidenter, efter ett år att ha blivit anklagade att sprida falska nyheter av president Trump.

Genom att använda en kritisk diskursanalys och en retorisk analys undersökte jag ett urval av artiklar publicerade i CNN. Totalt studerade jag tio artiklar från 2015 som handlade om Barack Obama som var president det året. Sedan valde jag tio artiklar från 2017 för att analysera hur CNN valde att gestalta Trumps identitet, ett år efter han blivit president.

Resultatet visade att Barack Obama gestaltas som en inspirerande ledare som alltid finns där för sitt folk. Donald Trump gestaltades istället som en sämre ledare för landet och CNN fokuserade på att vinna tillbaka förtroendet från allmänheten.

2015 använde CNN också mer patos och etosargument än 2017 då de istället fokuserade på logosargument.

CNN visar att de står fast vid sitt uppdrag att kontrollera och bevaka demokratiska länders regeringar. Medierna och regeringar arbetar tillsammans för att balansera sin makt.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 38
Keywords [en]
Donald Trump, Barack Obama, CNN, Fake News, Critical Discourse Analysis, Rhetorical Analysis, Freedom of Speech, Freedom of the Press, Democracy
Keywords [sv]
Donald Trump, Barack Obama, CNN, Fake News, Kritisk diskursanalys, Retorisk analys, Yttrandefrihet, Pressfrihet, Demokrati
National Category
Media and Communications Other Humanities not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-70046OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-70046DiVA, id: diva2:1176441
Subject / course
Journalism
Educational program
Journalism and Media Production Programme, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-01-22 Created: 2018-01-22 Last updated: 2018-01-22Bibliographically approved

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Examensarbete Gustaf Rossi(266 kB)87 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
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