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"Vi spelar stråk": observationsstudie av gruppundervisning i fiol vid kulturskolan
Royal College of Music in Stockholm, Department of Music Education.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Detta arbete är en observationsstudie av gruppundervisning i fiol och altfiol vid kulturskolan. Till undersökningsobjekt valdes gruppundervisning i fiol och altfiol. Båda instrumenten har en lång tradition av individuell undervisning men även gruppundervisning i ensembleform, inte sällan kombinerad vilket vill säga individuell lektion och ensemblelektion. Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur formen och strukturen för en sådan undervisning kan se ut och hur elever och lärare fungerar tillsammans i undervisningen. Studien har en multimodal socialsemiotisk och etnografisk metodologisk ansats och använder dessa i en kombination i valet av metod, vilket genomförts genom observation av undervisning samt transkription av utvalda delar som spelats in med ljud och bild. Observatören har haft närvarande men i första hand inte deltagande roll i undervisningen. Två kulturskolor där fiolundervisningen har en lång och stark tradition valdes ut och några av stråkpedagogerna vid dessa kulturskolor valde att delta i studien. Resultatet visar att formen för undervisningen byggde på principen att härma läraren och att läraren hjälpte eleven att justera och placera instrumentet samt att sång eller ramsor användes för rytminlärning. Skillnader kunde identifieras mellan undervisning i större och i mindre grupp både till form och struktur samt hur individerna interagerade, kommunicerade och tillämpade lärande av varandra. Resultatet ger en inblick i hur gruppundervisning i fiol och altfiol vid två kommunala kulturskolor i Stockholms län kan fungera och är ett tillskott till fortsatt forskning om gruppundervisning i kulturskolan.

Abstract [en]

This thesis is an observational study regarding group education in violin and viola at the Swedish Municipal School of Arts. As an object of study, group teaching in violin and viola was chosen. Both instruments have a long tradition of individual teaching, but also group teaching in ensemble form, not seldom combined, which means an individual lesson and an ensemble lesson. The purpose of the study was to investigate the form and structure of such group education and to get a closer look at how pupils and teachers interacted in that form of teaching. The study has a multimodal social semiotic and ethnographic methodological approach, and investigate through a combination of these, implemented through observation of teaching as well as transcription and analysis of selected parts recorded in audio and video. The observant was present but was not participating in the teaching process. Two municipal schools of arts, where the violin and viola education has a long and substantial tradition, were selected, and some of the teachers at these schools were chosen to participate in the study. The results show that the education formed the way that the pupil mimicked the teacher, that the teacher often helped the pupils to adjust and place the instrument, and that singing or different frames was used for rhythm learning. Differences were identified regarding teaching in bigger versus smaller groups by form and structure as well as how the participants interacted, communicated and applied knowledge from each other. The result gives an insight into how group teaching in violin and viola at two municipal schools of arts in Stockholm might function, and contributes to further research regarding group education.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 48
Keyword [en]
swedish municipal school of arts, group teaching, violin, viola, observation, didactic, social semiotic
Keyword [sv]
kulturskola, gruppundervisning, fiol, altfiol, observationsstudie, didaktik, socialsemiotik
National Category
Educational Sciences Pedagogy Music
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kmh:diva-2613OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kmh-2613DiVA: diva2:1176292
Subject / course
Kompletterande pedagogisk utbildning
Educational program
Ämneslärarprogram med inriktning mot gymnasieskolan
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-01-22 Created: 2018-01-22 Last updated: 2018-02-05Bibliographically approved

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