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Patienters skattning av allergiska symtom, medicinering och livskvalitet i samband med allergenspecifik immunterapi.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

SAMMANFATTNING

Introduktion

Olika typer av allergier utgör de vanligaste folksjukdomarna i Sverige. Allergenspecifik immunterapi (ASIT) är en behandlingsmetod för patienter med måttlig till svår allergisk rinit med eller utan astma, då symtomlindrande behandling varit otillräcklig.

Syfte

Syftet med denna studie var att få ökad kunskap om hur patienter skattar sina allergiska symtom, skattning av egenvårds medicinering samt skattning av den hälsorelaterade livskvaliteten, före, under och efter avslutad ASIT-behandling mot björkpollen och/eller 5-gräs.

Metod

Studien var en kvantitativ registerstudie med deskriptiv och komparativ ansats. Patienters skattning av allergiska symtom och skattning av egenvårds medicinering samt den skattade livskvaliteten har studerats. Datainsamlingen är gjord under åren 2005 - 2009 med hjälp av ett självskattningsformulär som tilldelades patienter som fick ASIT-behandling på en Lung- och allergimottagning på ett sjukhus i mellan Sverige. Undersökningsgruppen bestod av 42 patienter, 22 män och 20 kvinnor. Medelåldern i gruppen var 34,7 år.

Resultat

Resultatet i denna studie visade att det finns ett negativt samband mellan patienters skattning av allergiska symtom och skattning av livskvalitet både före och efter avslutad ASIT behandling. Livskvaliteten skattades signifikant högre mellan första och sista mätningen i hela patientgruppen. Både kvinnor och män skattade lägre egenvårds medicinering under behandlingstiden, men resultatet visar inte på några signifikanta skillnader i skattning av medicinering mellan kvinnor och män. Resultatet visade inga skillnader mellan könen avseende förändringen i den skattade livskvaliteten.

Slutsats

Patienterna skattar mindre allergiska symtom och lägre behov av egenvårds medicinering men högre livskvalitet efter ASIT-behandling. Resultatet visar inga skillnader mellan könen. Sådan kunskap kan bidra till värdefull information till vårdgivaren och det i sin tur kan bidra till en bättre omvårdnad av patienter som erhåller ASIT-behandling.

Abstract [en]

ABSTRACT

Introduction

Different types of allergies constitutes one of the public health diseases in Sweden. Allergenspecific immunotherapy (ASIT) is a treatment for patients with moderate to severe allergic rhinitis with or without asthma, where symptomatic treatment was insufficient.

Aim

The aim of this study was to obtain knowledge about how patients estimate their allergic symptoms, their estimation for self-care medication and their estimation of quality of life before, during and after ending the ASIT-treatment with birch pollen and or 5-grass allergen.

Method

A descriptive, comparative, quantitative patient journal study was conducted. Patients estimation of their allergy symptoms, their estimation of self-care medication and estimation of quality of life have been studied. The data was collected during the years of 2005-2009 by using self -assessment questionnaires wish was given to patients that was receiving ASIT treatmentat a Lung and Allergy Department, at a hospital in the middle of Sweden. The study group consisted of 42 patients, 22 men and 20 women with a mean age of 34,7 years.

Results

The main findings of this study shows that there is a negative connection between patient’s estimation of their allergic symptoms and quality of life both before and after ending ASIT treatment. Patients estimation of the quality of life got significantly higher in the whole study group comparing first and last measurement. Both women and men estimated lowered selfcare medication during the treatment period, but no significantly differences could be found between the genders regarding estimation of their medication. The result showed no differences between the genders regarding estimation of quality of life.

Conclusion

Patients estimated less allergic symptoms and lower need of self-care medication but a higher quality of life after ASIT-treatment. The result shows no differences between genders. Such knowledge can contribute to valuable information to caregivers and in turn it may result in a better care of patients who receives ASIT-treatment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 22
Keyword [en]
allergy, immunotherapy, symptoms, medication, quality of life, self-care
Keyword [sv]
allergi, immunterapi, symtom, medicinering, livskvalitet, egenvård
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-339599OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-339599DiVA, id: diva2:1176233
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Freestanding course
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-01-24 Created: 2018-01-21 Last updated: 2018-01-24Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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