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Problem relaterade till sex och samliv som förekommer hos kvinnor med endometrios samt prevalensen av dessa: En litteraturstudie
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Endometrios är en sjukdom som drabbar var tionde kvinna i fertil ålder. Sjukdomen kan ha en negativ inverkan på många livsdomäner och medföra ett stort lidande för dessa kvinnor. Tidigare forskning belyser smärta som en vanlig orsak till lidandet. För många kvinnor handlar det även om ett negativt påverkat sex och samliv till följd av endometrios. Många kvinnor lider av samlagssmärta som kan begränsa deras möjlighet till både sexuell tillfredsställelse och en god parrelation.

Syfte: Att undersöka prevalensen av problem relaterade till sex och samliv hos kvinnor med endometrios.

Metod: Litteraturstudie med 12 kvantitativa originalartiklar som granskades och sammanställdes genom en innehållsanalys.

Resultat: I de granskade studierna kunde 19 olika problemområden relaterade till sex och samliv identifieras. Av dessa var dyspareuni, sexuell dysfunktion, kronisk bäckensmärta, minskad sexlust och minskad tillfredsställelse de mest förekommande problemen. I en av studierna led hälften av kvinnorna av dyspareuni. Bland kvinnor med dyspareuni fanns även en minskad frekvens av sex, reducerad orgasm och en minskad tillfredsställelse.

Slutsats: Endometrios är en sjukdom som kan orsaka stort lidande. Merparten av kvinnor med endometrios upplever kronisk bäckensmärta, smärta vid samlag, en minskad lust till sex, minskad frekvens av sex och en minskad tillfredsställelse. Dessa problem kan i sin tur påverka kvinnornas parrelation negativt med en känsla av att vara en dålig partner, skuld och en rädsla för att bli lämnad.

Abstract [en]

Background: Endometriosis is a disease which affects every 10th woman of fertile age. The disease may have a negative impact on many aspects of life, and cause great suffering. Previous research highlights pain as a common cause for the suffering. Some women also experience a negative impact on their sex life and relationships due to endometriosis. Many women experience pain during intercourse, which can constrict their ability to experience sexual satisfaction and a good relationship with a partner.

Aim: To examine the prevalence of problems related to sex and relations among women with endometriosis.

Method: A literature review of 12 quantitative original articles which were examined and synthesized through a content analysis.

Results: Among the studied articles, 19 different problem areas related to sex and relationships were identified. Out of these, dyspareunia, sexual dysfunction, chronic pelvic pain, reduced sexual desire and reduced sexual satisfaction were the most occurring problems. In one of the studies half of the women were suffering from dyspareunia. Among women with dyspareunia there were also a reduced frequency of sex, reduced orgasm and a reduced sexual satisfaction.

Conclusion: Endometriosis is a disease which can cause great suffering. The majority of women with endometriosis experience chronic pelvic pain, pain during intercourse, a reduced sexual desire, a reduced frequency of sex and a reduced satisfaction. These problems can in turn negatively affect the relationships of the women, with a feeling of being a bad partner, guilt and a fear of being abandoned.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 26
Keywords [en]
endometriosis, sex, relationship, dyspareunia, chronic pelvic pain, sexual dysfunction
Keywords [sv]
endometrios, sex, samliv, dyspareuni, kronisk bäckensmärta, sexuell dysfunktion
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-339442OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-339442DiVA, id: diva2:1175762
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-01-26 Created: 2018-01-18 Last updated: 2018-01-26Bibliographically approved

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