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Non-Self-Adjoint Toeplitz Matrices Whose Principal Submatrices Have Real Spectrum
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8438-3971
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics.
2017 (English)In: Constructive approximation, ISSN 0176-4276, E-ISSN 1432-0940Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

We introduce and investigate a class of complex semi-infinite banded Toeplitz matrices satisfying the condition that the spectra of their principal submatrices accumulate onto a real interval when the size of the submatrix grows to ∞" role="presentation">∞. We prove that a banded Toeplitz matrix belongs to this class if and only if its symbol has real values on a Jordan curve located in C∖{0}" role="presentation">C∖{0}. Surprisingly, it turns out that, if such a Jordan curve is present, the spectra of all the principal submatrices have to be real. The latter claim is also proved for matrices given by a more general symbol. The special role of the Jordan curve is further demonstrated by a new formula for the limiting density of the asymptotic eigenvalue distribution for banded Toeplitz matrices from the studied class. Certain connections between the problem under investigation, Jacobi operators, and the Hamburger moment problem are also discussed. The main results are illustrated by several concrete examples; some of them allow an explicit analytic treatment, while some are only treated numerically.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keywords [en]
Banded Toeplitz matrix, Asymptotic eigenvalue distribution, Real spectrum, Non-self-adjoint matrices, Moment problem, Jacobi matrices, Orthogonal polynomials
National Category
Mathematics
Research subject
Mathematics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-151767DOI: 10.1007/s00365-017-9408-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-151767DiVA, id: diva2:1175513
Available from: 2018-01-18 Created: 2018-01-18 Last updated: 2018-02-07Bibliographically approved

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