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Fysisk aktivitet som en omvårdnadsåtgärd vid depression
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Depression är en psykisk sjukdom som blir allt mer vanligt förekommande och som orsakar problem hos personer som lider av den, vilket gör att fler personer söker sig till vården för hjälp. Syftet med denna uppsats var att beskriva upplevelsen av fysisk aktivitet som en omvårdnadsåtgärd hos patienter med depression. I litteraturöversikten granskas tio artiklar, med kvalitativ design, där totala antalet deltagare är 227 personer med åldrarna 14–69 år. Både män och kvinnor inkluderas i studien. Artiklarnas studier analyserades utifrån Fribergs fem-stegsmodell. Vid analys av artiklarnas studier så framkom temana: Planerad fysisk aktivitet är positivt, Socialt stöd är av betydelse, Påverkar psykisk och fysisk hälsa och Individanpassning är avgörande. Vårdpersonal behöver ha kunskap om de positiva upplevelser som fysisk aktivitet har på depressiva patienter för att kunna använda det som en omvårdnadsåtgärd. Mer kunskap om de positiva effekterna av fysisk aktivitet som omvårdnadsåtgärd, kan minska användandet av antidepressiva läkemedel. Detta kan innebära en ekonomisk vinning för både patient och sjukvård.

Abstract [en]

Depression is a growing mental illness that causes problems in people suffering from it, which causes more people to seek care for help. The purpose of this study is to describe the experience of physical activity as a nursing intervention in patients with depression. This subject is relevant in today's society and not well-researched, which means that there is insufficient knowledge in the field, therefore further research in the field would be desirable. The literature review examines ten articles with qualitative design where the total number of participants is 227 people with the age 14 to 69 years. Both men and women are included in the study. Based on Friberg's five-step model, the results of the articles were analyzed. The results of the articles show that physical activity is perceived as a positive nursing intervention in people suffering from depression. In some cases, negative experiences were expressed. Healthcare professionals need knowledge of the positive experiences that physical activity has on depressed patients to use it as a nursing intervention. More knowledge about the positive effects of physical activity as a nursing intervention may reduce the use of antidepressant drugs and the side effects that may accompany them. This can mean an economic gain for both patient and healthcare.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 32
Keyword [sv]
Depressiva symtom, fysisk träning, litteraturöversikt, omvårdnad, sjuksköterskan
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38591ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-1-20180259OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-38591DiVA, id: diva2:1175386
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-01-18 Created: 2018-01-17 Last updated: 2018-01-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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