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Early stages of designing resource-efficient offerings: An initial view of their analysis and evaluation
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
2018 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The increasing use of natural resources and the pollution it causes calls for new ways of addressing customer needs. Additionally, a more uncertain and complex world also presents new challenges. In this thesis, these new challenges are tackled through inter and transdisciplinary research, which require more interaction across disciplines to tackle complex phenomena.

The manner in which companies address customer needs starts from the designing (a multiplestakeholder perspective) of offerings where companies rely on different types of support (guidelines, standards, methods and tools). In this thesis, these offerings, include products, services, systems, and solutions. This plays an important role in the use of natural resources and its impact on the environment. In this Licentiate, I present results to show initial cues on how to design resource-efficient offerings, and more specifically their analysis and evaluation in the early stages of the design process. This type of offerings is suggested to be crucial for the circular economy, which can be understood as a paradigm shift towards sustainability. In this paradigm shift, designing is carried out by taking into account reuse, remanufacture and recycling of products as strategies by multiple stakeholders and companies. Other strategies include providing services, a function or a solution through dematerialization and transmaterialization.

The methods used in this research are narrative and systematic literature reviews, thematic analysis and a case study. The results show a lack of interdisciplinary research in the academic literature in subjects relevant to the design of resource-efficient offerings. The results also show a need to clarify what transdisciplinary research entails. Moreover, current practice shows that support used by companies needs to consider several factors for it to be useful, for example, the vision of the company, participation of potential users of the support and everyday operations, among other characteristics. Finally, more practical support coming from academia is necessary to improve its use in industry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2018. , p. 55
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Licentiate Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1801
Keyword [en]
Design, analysis, evaluation, ecodesign, product/service systems, resource-efficient offerings, circular economy, interdisciplinary research, transdisciplinary research
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-144371DOI: 10.3384/lic.diva-144371ISBN: 9789176853535 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-144371DiVA, id: diva2:1174935
Supervisors
Note

Information om opponent och seminarium saknas

Available from: 2018-01-17 Created: 2018-01-17 Last updated: 2018-01-23Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Interdisciplinary Insights Found for Product/Service System Design
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interdisciplinary Insights Found for Product/Service System Design
2016 (English)In: DS 84: PROCEEDINGS OF THE DESIGN 2016 14TH INTERNATIONAL DESIGN CONFERENCE, VOLS 1-4, The Design Society, 2016, p. 137-144Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Product/Service System (PSS) is a different way of fulfilling customer needs by providing a bundle of products and services. PSS is by nature an interdisciplinary field of research that needs collaboration across disciplines. This research paper investigates how much interdisciplinary research has been carried in terms of insights used between two important disciplines, namely, Engineering Design and Industrial Marketing. The results show that few insights have been used across disciplines which shows a gap for further research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The Design Society, 2016
Series
Proceedings of the International Design Conference, ISSN 1847-9073
Keyword
product-service systems (PSS), interdisciplinary collaboration, engineering design, industrial marketing
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-135352 (URN)000395390600014 ()
Conference
14th International Design Conference (DESIGN), Dubrovnik, Croatia, May 16-19, 2016
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research
Available from: 2017-03-13 Created: 2017-03-13 Last updated: 2018-01-17Bibliographically approved
2. Do We Share an Understanding of Transdisciplinarity in Environmental Sustainability Research?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Do We Share an Understanding of Transdisciplinarity in Environmental Sustainability Research?
2018 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 170, p. 1399-1403Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This letter postulated that there is a need to clarify the statement of the journal as a transdisciplinaryplatform. It first provided an understanding of transdisciplinary research based on the literature. Second,it explained why an understanding of transdisciplinarity is important, and how such an understandingwill enhance the research and practice in the topics of the entire journal. Third, taking environmentalsustainability design research as an example subject, it commented on among others six articles publishedin the journal, and showed the relevance of this issue within this example subject. Overall, thisletter is expected to contribute to enhance the quality of the research and practice in the topics of thejournal.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-142361 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.09.226 (DOI)000414879300123 ()
Projects
Mistra REES
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research, 2014/16
Note

Funding agencies: Mistra REES (Resource Efficient and Effective Solutions) program - Mistra (The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research) [DIA 2014/16]

Available from: 2017-10-28 Created: 2017-10-28 Last updated: 2018-01-17

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