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Stora barngrupper i förskolan: pedagogernas reflektioner i arbetet med att forma en god läromiljö i förskolan
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Arts, Communication and Education.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med min studie var att synliggöra hur pedagogerna formar en god läromiljö i stora barngrupper. Jag ville få en klarhet i hur pedagogerna förhåller sig till, och upplever arbetet med att tillgodose barns utveckling och lärande. Jag genomförde fem kvalitativa intervjuer med förskollärare i en liten kommun, där jag riktade mig mot förskolor som hade en barngrupp med mer än 15 barn. Resultatet av min studie visade att informanternas svårigheter var att hinna med arbetet både mot läroplansmålen men också att hinna tillgodose varje barns behov i stora barngrupper och att barn påverkas olika; behoven skiljer sig från barn till barn. Informanternas arbetssätt utgår från barngruppens sammansättning, och barns olika behov. Samtliga informanter som var med i studien var eniga om att barngrupperna är för stora idag. Deras önskan var att ha max 15 barn i gruppen. För att på ett bra sett tillgodose alla barns behov och att barnen skall bli sedda, var informanternas strategi att dela in barnen i små grupper när möjligheten fanns. Samtliga informanter tryckte på att tryggheten var viktig att jobba med i deras verksamhet. Svårigheten var att hinna se alla barnen, då fokus hamnade på själva gruppen och att få ihop dagen med alla vardagliga rutiner som skall göras.

Abstract [en]

The aim of my study was to find out how pedagogical views affect their work in large children groups. Furthermore, I wanted to know how the pedagogues organize a good learning environment to provide for children´s development and learning. I conducted five qualitative interviews with preschool teachers in a small municipality, where I aimed for preschools that had a children group with more than 15 children. The results of my study showed that the difficulties of informants were to work with both the learning objectives, and also to meet the needs of every child in large children's groups and that children are affected differently; the needs differ from child to child. The informants' approaches are based on the composition of the children's group, and the different needs of children. All informants who participated in the study agreed that the children's groups are too big today. Their wish was to have a maximum of 15 children in the group. In order to properly accommodate the needs of all children and the children to be seen, the informants' strategy was to divide the children into small groups when the opportunity was available. All informants stressed that safety was important to work in their business. The difficulty was to see every child, as the focus was on the group itself and getting the day together with all the everyday routines needing to be done.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 37
Keyword [en]
preschool, the quality of preschool, pedagogue's approach, large children's groups, safety
Keyword [sv]
förskola, kvalitén i förskola, pedagogernas förhållningsätt, stora barngrupper, tryggheten
National Category
Pedagogical Work Humanities and the Arts
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-67288OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-67288DiVA, id: diva2:1174870
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 15 credits
Educational program
Education, master's level
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-01-17 Created: 2018-01-16 Last updated: 2018-01-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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