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Kvinnors upplevelse vid sen inducerad medicinsk abort
Sophiahemmet University.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Women's experiences of an induced medical second trimester abortion (English)
Abstract [sv]

SAMMANFATTNING 

Syftet med studien var att belysa kvinnors upplevelse av att genomgå en sen inducerad medicinsk abort. 

Metoden som användes var en allmän litteraturstudie där totalt femton artiklar inkluderades från länderna; Sverige, England, Israel, Frankrike, Portugal, USA och Nederländerna. Artikelsökningen genomfördes i databaserna PubMed, PsycINFO och CINAHL. Både kvalitativa och kvantitativa studier som kvalitetsgranskats ingår i studien.

I resultat framkom två huvudteman; psykisk upplevelse av sen abort och fysisk upplevelse avsen abort. Det framkom fyra underteman; behov av stöd, sorg, stress och smärta.

Slutsatsen av studien var att kvinnor som genomgår en sen inducerad medicinsk abort upplever ett stort behov av stöd. Det är en socialt oacceptabel typ av sorg som minskade över tid. Det är saker som triggar igång sorgen såsom påminnelser om graviditeten. Det fanns en stress över att gå snabbt från en diagnos till ett avbrytande och den stressen var större ju längre gången i graviditeten kvinnan var. Kvinnor upplever en fysisk smärta när de genomgår en sen medicinsk abort. Upplevelse av en sen abort var ofta relaterat till smärtan. Kvinnor upplevde att de var oförberedda på den fysiska delen av en abort.

För en klinisk tillämpbarhet är förhoppningen att barnmorskor som möter kvinnorna kan få en förståelse för vad kvinnorna upplever och se dem som individer med olika bakgrunder och att det är en unik situation för kvinnan. Fortsatt forskning bör fokuseras på bättre smärtlindring för kvinnorna och vilket stöd kvinnor behöver när de genomgår sena medicinska inducerade aborter.

 

 

 

 

 

Abstract [en]

ABSTRACT

Aim of this study was to explore women’s experiences of a termination of pregnany in the second trimester.

The method that was conducted was a literature review and 15 scientific articles were included from following countries; Sweden, England, Israel, France, Portugal, USA and the Netherlands. The search for articles was performed in the databases PubMed, PsycINFO and CINAHL. Both qualitative and quantitative articles were included and the author to this study performed a qualitative audit on all of the articles.

In the result two main themes emerged: mental experience of late abortion and physical experience of late abortion. Four subthemes emerged; need for support, sadness, stress and pain. 

The conclusion of the study was that women undergoing a late induced medical abortion experience a great need for support. It's a socially unacceptable type of sadness that decreased over time. However, there are things that trigger the sorrow, such as reminders of the pregnancy. There was a stress about moving quickly from a diagnosis to a discontinuation and that stress was greater the longer the time the woman was pregnant. Women experience a physical pain when they undergo a late medical abortion. Experience of a late abortion was often related to the pain. Women perceived that they were unprepared for the physical part of an abortion. 

For clinical applicability, the hope is that when midwives meet women they can gain an understanding of what women experience and see them as individuals with different backgrounds and that it is a unique situation for the woman. Continued research should focus on better pain relief for women and what support women need when they undergo late medical induced abortions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 31
Keywords [sv]
Abort, Andra trimestern, Upplevelse, Kvinnor.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:shh:diva-2874OAI: oai:DiVA.org:shh-2874DiVA, id: diva2:1174525
Educational program
Barnmorskeprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-01-16 Created: 2018-01-15 Last updated: 2018-01-16Bibliographically approved

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