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Upplevelsen av arbetsmiljöns påverkan på välbefinnande hos personer med psykisk funktionsnedsättning: En empirisk studie
Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Occupational Therapy.
Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Occupational Therapy.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The Experience of the Work Environment and the Impact on Well-Being in People with Mental Disabilities : An empirical study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Personer med psykiska funktionsnedsättningar har svårare att erhålla och behålla ett arbete på den reguljära arbetsmarknaden. Målgruppen löper större risk att drabbas av ohälsa då de ofta exkluderas från arbetsmarknaden på grund av deras svårigheter och behov av anpassningar i arbetsmiljön. Syftet är att beskriva hur personer med psykiska funktionsnedsättningar som erhållit insatser via metoden Supported Employment upplever att arbetsmiljön påverkar deras välbefinnande. Det var 17 personer med olika psykiska funktionsnedsättningar som hade erfarenhet av en arbetsmiljö som deltog i studien. Bedömningsinstrumentet Work Environment Impact Scale (WEIS) användes till datainsamlingen tillsammans med tillhörande intervjuguide för att samla information kring hur deltagarna upplevde välbefinnande i sin arbetsmiljö. I resultatet framkom det att faktorer som samarbete med arbetskamrater, utformning av arbetsuppgifter, arbetets stimulans, arbetstider och arbetets värde och betydelse var de faktorer som upplevdes mest stödjande för välbefinnande i arbetsmiljön. De faktorer som upplevdes mest hindrande för välbefinnande i arbetsmiljön var arbetsuppgiftens krav, förmåner, sensoriska egenskaper, förväntningar på prestation i arbetet och arbetsredskap. Flera studier visar på att en fungerande arbetsmiljö är viktigt för att kunna utföra sitt arbete. Förslagsvis behövs fler studier som fokuserar på att utveckla arbetsmiljöinterventioner som stödjer personer med psykiska funktionsnedsättningar att trivas och behålla sitt arbete.

Abstract [en]

People with mental disabilities have difficulty obtaining and keeping a job in the regular labor market. The target group is at greater risk of developing illness, as they are often excluded from the labor market due to their difficulties and their needs for adaptations in the work environment. The purpose of this study is to describe how people with mental disabilities who have received interventions through the ‘Supported Employment’ method experience their work environment and how it affects their well-being. Seventeen people with different mental disabilities and with experience of a specific work environment participated in the study. The ‘Work Environment Impact Scale’ (WEIS) assessment was used for data collection along with the associated interview guide to gather information about how the participants perceived their work environment. In the results it emerged that factors such as cooperation with coworkers, job design, the stimulus of work, working hours, and the value and importance of work were the factors that were most supportive for well-being in the work environment. The most obstructive factors for well-being in the work environment were the work demands, benefits, sensory characteristics, expectations of performance at work, and work tools. Several studies show that a soundly functioning work environment is important in order to perform at work. More studies are needed that focus on developing work environment interventions that help people with mental disabilities to enjoy and keep their jobs. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 22
Keywords [en]
Occupational Therapy, Work environmental factors, Work-oriented rehabilitation, Work environment impact scale (WEIS)
Keywords [sv]
Arbetsterapi, Arbetsmiljöfaktorer, Arbetslivsinriktad rehabilitering, Work environment impact scale (WEIS)
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-144304OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-144304DiVA, id: diva2:1174012
Subject / course
Degree Project in Occupational Therapy
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-01-19 Created: 2018-01-15 Last updated: 2018-01-19Bibliographically approved

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