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Samband mellan föräldrars psykiska hälsa och deras upplevelse av sina barns psykiska hälsa
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Andelen Barn och unga i Sverige som mår sämre psykiskt ökar. Anledningen till ökningen av den psykiska ohälsan är fortfarande oklar och det behövs mer kunskap om faktorer som påverkar barns psykiska hälsa. Det behövs även mer kunskap om de instrument som finns för att mäta barns psykiska hälsa. Studier har visat att barn och föräldrar påverkar varandras psykiska hälsa och att föräldrars mående kan påverka hur de skattar sina barns psykiska hälsa. Syftet med föreliggande studie var att undersöka om det fanns ett samband mellan föräldrars egenskattade psykiska hälsa samt deras upplevelse av barnets psykiska hälsa. Urvalet hämtades från en stor pågående studie i Uppsala och inkluderade 7094 3–5-åringar. Barnens psykiska hälsa skattades av föräldrar via Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) och föräldrarnas psykiska hälsa skattades via General Health Questionnaire (GHQ). Multipel linjär regression genomfördes med barnets, av föräldrarna skattade psykiska hälsa som beroende variabel och förälderns egenskattade psykiska hälsa som den oberoende. Analysen inkluderade också ett antal kontrollvariabler. Resultatet visade att det fanns ett samband mellan föräldrars skattade psykiska hälsa och deras upplevelse av barnets psykiska hälsa. Slutsatsen blev att föräldrars hälsa påverkar deras skattning av sina barns psykiska hälsa, vilket betyder att föräldrarnas psykiska mående behöver tas i beaktande när deras bedömningar av sina barns mentala hälsa ska tolkas. 

Abstract [en]

The prevalence rates of mental health problems in Swedish children and adolescents are increasing. The reasons behind the increase is still unclear, and there is a paucity of research on factors affecting children’s mental health. More knowledge is also needed about the instruments being used to measure children’s mental health. Previous research has shown that parents’ and that the mental health problems can affect how they perceive their children’s health. It is also known that children’s mental health may affect parents’ health. The aim of this study was to investigate if there is an association between parents’ self-rated mental health, and their perception of their children’s mental health. The sample was drawn from a large ongoing study in Uppsala and consisted of 7094 3–5-year old children. Children’s mental health was measured by their parents through the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and parents’ mental health was measured by the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ). Multiple linear regression was performed with SDQ as the dependent variable and GHQ as the independent variable. The analysis also included a number of control variables. The result revealed association between parents GHQ-ratings and their SDQ-ratings of their children. The conclusion was that parents’ mental health affects their understanding of their children’s mental health. This finding indicates that parents’ mental health needs to be considered when interpreting parent reports of children’s mental health.

 

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 44
Keywords [sv]
Barns psykiska hälsa, Beteendeproblem, Föräldrar, Prevention, Barnhälsovård
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-338872OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-338872DiVA, id: diva2:1173898
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-01-31 Created: 2018-01-15 Last updated: 2018-01-31Bibliographically approved

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