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Developmental alcohol trajectories when price and availability changed
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD). Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3101-0346
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD). Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Resource type
Text
Abstract [en]

Purpose: To identify developmental trajectories for alcohol consumption in southern Sweden in relation to increased availability of cheaper alcohol, and to study the likelihood of belonging to one of the identified trajectory groups. An increase of total consumption was expected to be related to an increase in consumption of spirits due to the nature of the changes. Developmental patterns were assumed to be different in northern Sweden given the distance to the changes.

Design: 16-80 year olds from general population samples from southern (n=610) and northern (n=575) Sweden were interviewed by telephone before and after changes. Alcohol use trajectories for the years 2003-2006 were identified through longitudinal cluster analysis. Characteristics of clusters – sex, age, income, price expectations, alcohol attitude, alcohol consumption, binge drinking and beverage preferences – were compared.

Findings: Three developmental trajectories for consumption were identified for each region. Alcohol habits influenced the likelihood of trajectory membership as decreasers on average had a higher initial consumption. An increase in spirits consumption was also observed among overall increasers. Other potential explanations were not linked to trajectories.

Research implications: Earlier research of the changes was unable to find an overall increase in consumption but these results suggests that some groups changed as expected.

Originality: Few studies have identified trajectories of alcohol use in relation to policy changes. Studying patterns of change puts the focus on consumption rather than population groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Sociology, Stockholm University , 2017. , p. 17
Series
Department of Sociology Working Paper Series ; 28
Keyword [en]
alcohol consumption, policy, price, availability, development, longitudinal data, cluster analysis, trajectory groups
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Public Health Sciences; Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-151456OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-151456DiVA, id: diva2:1173365
Projects
Nordic tax studyThe Centre of Excellence Programme: Exclusion and Inclusion in the Late Welfare State: the Case of Alcohol and Drugs
Available from: 2018-01-12 Created: 2018-01-12 Last updated: 2018-02-20Bibliographically approved

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Gustafsson, Nina-KatriWennberg, Peter
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