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HIV är en del av mig: Upplevelsen av att leva med humant immunbristvirus som ungdom och ung vuxen
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
HIV is a part of me : The experience of living with human immunodeficiency virus as a youth and young adult (English)
Abstract [sv]

Antalet HIV-positiva personer i världen ökar och sjuksköterskor behöver därför ha adekvat kunskap kring hur det är att leva med humant immunbristvirus (HIV). Att leva med HIV som ungdom och ung vuxen kan upplevas vara extra svårt då dessa individer befinner sig i en känslig övergångsålder. Syftet till denna litteraturstudie var därför att belysa ungdomars och unga vuxnas upplevelser av att leva med humant immunbristvirus (HIV). Studien är en allmän litteraturstudie där en innehållsanalys användes för att få fram resultatet. Totalt identifierades tio olika kategorier vilka resulterade i fyra teman: När livet stannar upp, Jag i relation till andra, Sjukvårdsrelaterade faktorer och När livet går vidare. Att leva med HIV som ungdom och ung vuxen upplevdes vara svårt och påverkades av stigmatisering i samhället. Hemlighetshållande av diagnosen kunde påverka den sexuella hälsan och läkemedelsföljsamheten. Relationerna till sjukvårdspersonalen upplevdes vara betydelsefulla vilket tillsammans med stödgrupper kunde bidra till ett ökat självförtroende och acceptans kring sjukdomen. Rätt kunskap om HIV och ett holistiskt synsätt är vitalt för att sjuksköterskor ska kunna ge en personcentrerad omvårdnad till dessa ungdomar. Mer forskning kring upplevelsen av att leva med HIV behövs.

Abstract [en]

The number of HIV-positive individuals in the world is increasing and nurses therefore need adequate knowledge about living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Living with HIV as a youth and young adult can be hard since these individuals are in a sensitive transition age. The purpose of this literature study was to highlight the experiences of living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) as a youth and young adult. This study is a general literature study where a content analysis was used to reach the results. Ten different categories were identified which resulted in four themes: When life stops, I in relations to others, Health-care related factors and When life goes on. Living with HIV as a youth was found to be difficult and was affected by stigmatization in society. Trying to keep the diagnosis a secret could affect sexual health and drug adherence. Relationships with healthcare professionals were found to be significant, which together with support groups could contribute to increased self-confidence and acceptance about the disease. It’s vital for nurses to have correct knowledge about HIV and a holistic approach to be able to provide a person-centred care. More research on the experience of living with HIV is needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 22
Keyword [en]
Adolescent, Experience, HIV, Teenager, Young Adult, Youth
Keyword [sv]
HIV, Tonåring, Ungdom, Ung vuxen, Upplevelse
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Health Sciences Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-36064OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-36064DiVA: diva2:1173358
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-01-22 Created: 2018-01-12 Last updated: 2018-01-22Bibliographically approved

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