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Faktorer som förhindrar nutritionsvårdsprocessen för att förebygga malnutrition hos äldre: En litteraturöversikt
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Caring Science/Nursing.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Factors that prevent nutrition care process to prevent malnutrition in the elderly: A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund:

Sverige har cirka 2 miljoner äldre, av dem anses ungefär 60 procent vara riskpatienter för malnutrition. Vårdgivaren har det yttersta ansvaret för att fastställa rutiner för när och hur vårdtagare ska utredas och behandlas. Riskbedömning med ett validerat nutritionsbedömningsinstrument är första steget i nutritions-vårdsprocessen. Rutinmässig övervakning och uppföljning kan förhindra att äldre utvecklar malnutrition. Syftet var att undersöka vilka faktorer som förhindrade nutritionsvårdsprocessen hos äldre. Metod: Studien genomfördes som en litteratur-översikt baserat på 13 artiklar. Resultatet delades in i kategorier som belyste organisations, - personal, - och patientrelaterade faktorer. De påvisade faktorerna uppgavs förhindra nutritionsvårdsprocessen på olika vis och ibland i relation till varandra. Konklusion: De beskrivna hindren för nutritionsvårdsprocessen är betydelsefulla för att kvalitetssäkra vården. Stöd och strategier på flera olika nivåer behövs för att överkomma de hinder som försvårar nutritionsvården.

Abstract [en]

Background:

Sweden has about 2 million older people, of whom about 60 percent are at risk for malnutrition. The care provider has the ultimate responsibility for establishing routines for when and how care recipients will be investigated and treated. Risk assessment with a validated nutrition assessment instrument is the first step in the nutrition care process. Routine monitoring and follow up can prevent older people from developing malnutrition. The aim was to investigate factors which prevented the nutrition care process in older people. Method: The study was conducted as a literature review including 13 articles. The result was divided into categories which highlighted organizational, - personnel, - and patient related factors. The demonstrated factors were reported to prevent the nutrition care process in different ways and sometimes in relation to each other. Conclusion: The described barriers to the nutrition care process are important for quality assurance. Support and strategies at several levels are needed to overcome the barriers that hinder nutritional care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keywords [en]
Barriers, Elderly, Malnutrition, Malnutrition screening, Nursing
Keywords [sv]
Hinder, Malnutrition, Nutritionsbedömning, Omvårdnad, Äldre
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-26931OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-26931DiVA, id: diva2:1172850
Available from: 2018-01-11 Created: 2018-01-11

Open Access in DiVA

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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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