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Prekonceptionell hälsa: - Vilka kunskaper och inställningar har ungdomar
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Samhället ska värna sex- och samlevnadsundervisning, familjeplanering samt mödrahälsovård. Barnmorskan har en central roll att sprida kunskap inom området. Genom information till kvinnor och män om den prekonceptionella hälsans betydelse kan det skapas goda förutsättningar till familjebildning. Syfte: Att beskriva ungdomars kunskaper och inställningar om prekonceptionell hälsa samt vilken kunskap ungdomar efterfrågar angående detta. Metod: En kvalitativ intervjustudie med fokusgrupper genomfördes, varav en grupp med fem män i åldrarna 21-22 år samt en grupp med sju kvinnor som var 18 år. Datamaterialet analyserades med latent innehållsanalys.                                                                                                                         Resultat: Den kunskap ungdomarna hade om prekonceptionell hälsa var olika faktorers påverkan på fertiliteten. Fördelaktiga faktorer var varierad nyttig kost, träning och god sömn. Som negativ påverkan på fertilitet diskuterades tobak, alkohol, droger, mediciner, sjukdomar, ärftliga sjukdomar och cystor samt stress. Kunskap ungdomarna efterfrågade var att få information om prekonceptionell hälsa, vad de kunde påverka inför en eventuell framtida graviditet samt fakta om hur de olika faktorerna påverkade fertiliteten. Informationen ville de få av någon med  kunskap inom området. Slutsats: Information om prekonceptionell hälsa efterfrågades av ungdomarna, en ökad kunskap och medvetenhet om ämnet hos allmänheten skulle kunna generera positiva hälsoeffekter på individ- såväl som på samhällsnivå med en hälsosam befolkning som resultat.

Abstract [en]

Background: The society should be responsible for sexual education, family planning and maternal healthcare. The midwife has a central role when it comes to spreading knowledge within the area. By spreading information  to women and men about the importance of preconception health and care it could create good conditions to start a family.  Purpose: To describe young peoples knowledge and attitudes about preconception health and care and also about what kind of knowledge the youth asks about when it comes to it. Method: A qualitative interview study with focus groups was preformed which included a group of five men ages between 21-22 and a group of  seven women who all were 18 years old. The data was analyzed by latent content analysis. Results: The knowledge the young people had about preconceptional health and care were the effects of different factors on fertility. Beneficial factors were varied health diet, exercise and good sleep. As a negative influence on fertility, tobacco, alcohol, drugs, medicines, diseases, hereditary diseases and cysts were discussed as well as stress. Knowledge the young people asked for were information on preconceptional health and care, what could influence a possible future pregnancy and facts, how the various factors affected fertility. The youth wanted the information to be obtained from someone with knowledge within the field. Conclusion: Information on preconceptional health and care was asked about by the young people, increased awareness and awareness of the subject of  public could generate positive health effects at the individual- as well as at community level with a healthier population as a result.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 30
Keywords [en]
Preconception health and care, young people, knowledge, attitudes
Keywords [sv]
Prekonceptionell hälsa, ungdomar, kunskap, inställningar
National Category
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-69665OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-69665DiVA, id: diva2:1172600
Subject / course
Vetenskapsteori
Educational program
Midwifery Programme, 90 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-01-17 Created: 2018-01-10 Last updated: 2018-01-17Bibliographically approved

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