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Compassionfokuserad gruppbehandling: en interventionsstudie gällande depression och ångest
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Ångest och depression är vanliga sökorsaker inom primärvården och klassas idag som

folksjukdomar i Sverige. Svenska vårdcentraler har svårt att möta vårdbehovet kring psykisk

ohälsa, och det finns därför anledning att utforska nya behandlingsalternativ för att

effektivisera vården. I denna studie användes en kontrollerad mellangruppsdesign i syfte att

undersöka hur Compassionfokuserad terapi (CFT) i grupp påverkar primärvårdspatienters

grad av ångest och depression, samt huruvida detta skiljer sig från sedvanlig behandling i

form av kognitiv beteendeterapi (KBT). Designen omfattade tre grupper; en

interventionsgrupp (n = 20) som erhöll CFT, en aktiv kontrollgrupp (n = 12) som erhöll KBT,

samt en passiv kontrollgrupp (n = 20) bestående av psykologstudenter som ej erhöll

behandling i någon form. Självskattningsformulären Beck’s Depression Inventory II, Beck’s

Anxiety Inventory samt Self-Compassion Scale administrerades vid två tillfällen i samtliga

grupper. Förändringarna undersöktes med hjälp av t-test, variansanalys för upprepade

mätningar samt effektstorlekar. Resultaten påvisade en signifikant skillnad mellan de grupper

som erhållit behandling och den passiva kontrollgruppen men ingen signifikant skillnad

mellan den aktiva kontrollgruppen och interventionsgruppen. Dock återfanns en större

effektstorlek gällande depression för interventionsgruppen jämfört med den aktiva

kontrollgruppen. Resultaten indikerar att CFT i grupp kan vara en effektiv behandling för

primärvårdspatienter med ångest och depression. Vidare forskning efterfrågas för att

undersöka de långsiktiga effekterna av CFT.

Abstract [en]

Anxiety and depression are conditions commonly occurring within primary health care and is

currently a major health scourge in Sweden. Swedish primary health care centers are facing

challenges in meeting the needs concerning mental illness, and therefore the exploration of

new options for treatment is warranted for improved effectiveness. In this study a controlled

between-group design was used in the aim of exploring how group delivered Compassion

focused therapy (CFT) affects the degree of depression and anxiety in primary healthcare

patients, and also whether it differs from treatment as usual consisting of cognitive behavioral

therapy (CBT). The design comprised of three groups; an intervention group (n = 20)

receiving CFT, an active control group (n = 12) receiving CBT, and a passive control group

(n = 20) consisting of psychology students who did not receive any treatment. The self

assessment questionnaires Beck’s Depression Inventory II, Beck’s Anxiety Inventory and

Self-Compassion Scale was administered at two occasions in all groups. Changes were

examined with t-tests, repeated measures analysis of variance and within-group effect sizes.

The results showed a significant difference between the groups receiving treatment and the

passive control group, but no significant difference between the intervention group and the

active control group. However, a larger effect size was found regarding depression within the

intervention group compared to the active control group. The results indicate that group

delivered CFT may be an effective treatment regarding anxiety and depression in primary

health care patients. Further research is warranted to explore the long term effects of CFT.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 19
Keyword [en]
Compassion focused therapy, group therapy, depression, anxiety, primary health care
Keyword [sv]
Compassionfokuserad terapi, gruppterapi, depression, ångest, primärvård
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-143796OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-143796DiVA, id: diva2:1172378
Educational program
Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-01-10 Created: 2018-01-09 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved

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