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Icke-farmakologiska metoder för lindring av smärta och ångest hos cancersjuka barn: Litteraturstudie
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Cancer leder till mycket lidande för barnen och de behöver hjälp med att lindra lidandet med hjälp av icke-farmakologiska metoder. Av alla dessa drabbade barn och ungdomar har många besvär av smärta och ångest och det blir psykiskt påfrestande under sjukdomstiden.

Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva hur icke-farmakologiska metoder används, för att avleda smärta och ångest hos barn och ungdomar som genomgår cancerrelaterade undersökningar och behandlingar.

Metod: Litteraturstudie. Artikelsökning gjordes i databasen PubMed, Cinahl och manuellt. Totalt valdes tio vetenskapliga artiklar.

Resultat: Resultatet visade att icke-farmakologiska metoder såsom beröring, hypnos och distraktion i form av lek eller såpbubblor samt musik, minskar smärta och ångest hos barn och ungdomar med cancerdiagnos, som genomgår smärtsamma undersökningar, till exempel benmärgsaspiration, blodprover och andra behandlingar.

Slutsats: De icke-farmakologiska metoderna är ett komplement till de farmakologiska medicinerna för att minska smärta och ångest. Det är viktigt att åldersanpassa de icke-farmakologiska metoderna. Omvårdnadspersonalen kan bli mer lyhörd för att använda icke-farmakologiska metoder, gällande smärt- och ångestlindring hos barn med cancerdiagnos. De bör få möjlighet att utveckla sin kunskap och kompetens inom detta område. I sin tur kan det leda till mer trygga barn och ungdomar, och även trygga föräldrar.

Abstract [en]

Background: Cancer leads to a lot of suffering for the children and they need help to alleviate suffering by means of non-pharmacological methods. Of all these affected children and adolescents, there are many complaints of pain and anxiety and it becomes psychologically stressful during the illness.

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to describe how non-pharmacological methods are used to derive pain and anxiety in children and adolescents undergoing cancer-related studies and treatments

Method: Literature study. Article search was made in the PubMed, Cinahl database and manually. A total of ten scientific articles were selected.

Results: The results showed that non-pharmacological methods such as massage, hypnosis, play or soap bubbles and music distraction reduce pain and anxiety in children with cancer diagnosis undergoing painful investigations, such as bone marrow aspiration, blood samples and other treatments.Conclusion: The non-pharmacological methods complementary to the pharmacological drugs to reduce pain and anxiety. It is important to age-match the non-pharmacological methods. Nursing staff can be more responsive to using non-pharmacological methods, regarding pain and anxiety relief in children with cancer diagnosis. They should be given the opportunity to develop their knowledge and skills in this field. In turn, it can lead to more safe children and young people, and also to safeguard parents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 27
Keyword [en]
Cancer, child, distraction, hypnosis, touch, pain, non-pharmacological
Keyword [sv]
Cancer, barn, distraktion, hypnos, beröring, smärta, icke-farmakologisk behandling
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-338438OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-338438DiVA, id: diva2:1172255
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Freestanding course
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-01-12 Created: 2018-01-09 Last updated: 2018-01-12Bibliographically approved

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