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The common operational picture: A powerful enabler or a cause of severe misunderstanding?
Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Command and Control Section.
2017 (English)In: / [ed] Dr. David S Alberts, 2017Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The representation of the operational environment is crucial in all military operations because it is a necessity for the command and control (C2) function that provides the operation with direction and coordination. The representation, typically in the form of a common operational picture (COP), is considered the key element for establishing situation awareness and understanding for the commander and his/her staff. This article begins by presenting a theoretical overview of the COP concept. Thereafter, empirical support is given that officers conceptualize the COP differently, relating it to different stages of the C2 process and referring to the COP as sometimes an artifact and sometimes a mental state or a product in the human mind. For example, some officers may focus on the representation of the current operational environment; others may focus on representations of courses of actions whereas others may focus on future planned events. This may cause severe misunderstanding when officers use the COP concept in communication.

This article provides a proposition to make the COP concept more specific – connecting the different stages in the C2 process to specific instantiations of the COP. Moreover, regardless of which stage in the C2 process the instantiations of the COP relate to, it has to be adapted to that specific stage in order to be a powerful enabler. This article concludes by introducing a new concept, the Prepared Common Operational Picture (PCOP).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
common operational picture (COP), command and control (C2), situation awareness (SA), C2 process
Keyword [sv]
Lägesbild, ledning, situationsförståelse, ledningsprocess
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Ledningsvetenskap
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7172ISBN: 9780999724606 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-7172DiVA, id: diva2:1171677
Conference
22st International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium 2017 (ICCRTS 2017), 6-8 november, Los Angeles, USA.
Projects
Ledning och samverkan i kris och krig.
Funder
Swedish Armed Forces
Available from: 2018-01-08 Created: 2018-01-08 Last updated: 2018-01-09Bibliographically approved

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fulltext(905 kB)137 downloads
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Spak, Ulrik
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
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