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Few Gender Differences in Attitudes and Experiences after Live Kidney Donation, with Minor Changes Over Time.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Transplantation Surgery.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Transplantation Surgery.
Department of Transplantation Surgery, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Sweden.; Hamad Med Corp, Dept Surg Transplantat, Doha, Qatar..
2017 (English)In: Annals of Transplantation, ISSN 1425-9524, E-ISSN 2329-0358, Vol. 22, p. 773-779Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: We sought to study gender differences and differences over time with respect to demographics, relation to recipient,donor motives, and experiences of live kidney donation.

Material/Methods: In all, 455 consecutive live kidney donors, representing all of the donors at our center between 1974 and 2008were considered for this study. There were 28 deceased donors and 14 donors who had moved abroad, leaving413 donors; 387 (94%) agreed to participate in this study. A questionnaire was sent and the answers wasanalyzed for gender differences and, where relevant, for changes over time.

Results: In all sub-periods, female donors made up the majority (55–62%), except for sibling donors (45%) and childto-parent donors (40%). No significant gender differences were seen in perceived information given before donation.For males, it was more common that the recipient took the initiative to donate. For females, the motivationfor donating was more frequently to help the recipient and because others wanted them to donate.For males, it was more common to feel a moral obligation. Post-operatively, females more frequently felt sad and experienced nausea, and more frequently felt that the donation had a positive impact on their lifes. With the introduction of minimally invasive surgical techniques, donors experienced fewer problems from the operation, with no gender difference.

Conclusions: Females donate more frequently than males, a difference that did not change over time. Only a few genderdifferences were seen in donor motives and the donation experience; however, these differences may be relevantto address the gender imbalance in kidney donations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 22, p. 773-779
National Category
Surgery
Research subject
Medical Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-337708DOI: 10.12659/AOT.906129ISI: 000423160900001PubMedID: 29284769OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-337708DiVA, id: diva2:1170582
Available from: 2018-01-03 Created: 2018-01-03 Last updated: 2018-02-26Bibliographically approved

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