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Simple and Green Method for Fabricating V2O5·nH2O Nanosheets for Lithium Battery Application
Berzelii Center EXSELENT on Porous Materials, Department of Material and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Stockholm University, Sweden.
Berzelii Center EXSELENT on Porous Materials, Department of Material and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Stockholm University, Sweden.
College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, China.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Structural Chemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2538-8104
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2017 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

During the last few years, the synthesis of inorganic two dimensional (2D) materials tremendously increased, due to their promising surface area1,2. However, the synthesis of these 2D materials can significantly influence our environment, by the use of harmful chemicals and severe reaction conditions3,4.

Herein, we report on a simple and green strategy for fabricating hydrated vanadium pentoxide (V2O5.nH2O) nanosheets from commercially available vanadium oxides precursors via water based exfoliation technique. Operando and ex situ X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies were conducted to track the structural changes during the exfoliation process. The vanadium oxidation states and the water content of the material were determined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), respectively. Electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy (AFM) showed that the V2O5.nH2O is composed of a few nanometer thick nanosheets. A composite material of the V2O5∙nH2O nanosheets and multi-walled carbon nanotube (MW-CNT) were fabricated and then tested as a free standing electrodes (FSE) and conventionally casted electrodes (CCE) for lithium battery. Both electrodes showed promising capacities and rate capabilities for lithium-ion intercalation.

References:

(1) Nicolosi, V.; Chhowalla, M.; Kanatzidis, M. G.; Strano, M. S.; Coleman, J. N. Liquid Exfoliation of Layered Materials. Science (80-. ). 2013, 340 (6139), 1226419.

(2) Etman, A. S.; Asfaw, H. D.; Yuan, N.; Li, J.; Zhou, Z.; Peng, F.; Persson, I.; Zou, X.; Gustafsson, T.; Edström, K.; Sun, J. A One-Step Water Based Strategy for Synthesizing Hydrated Vanadium Pentoxide Nanosheets from VO2 (B) as Free-Standing Electrodes for Lithium Battery Applications. J. Mater. Chem. A 2016, 4 (46), 17988–18001.

(3) Wei, Q.; Liu, J.; Feng, W.; Sheng, J.; Tian, X.; He, L.; An, Q.; Mai, L. Hydrated Vanadium Pentoxide with Superior Sodium Storage Capacity. J. Mater. Chem. A 2015, 3, 8070–8075.

(4) Zhou, K.-G.; Mao, N.-N.; Wang, H.-X.; Peng, Y.; Zhang, H.-L. A Mixed-Solvent Strategy for Efficient Exfoliation of Inorganic Graphene Analogues. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 2011, 50 (46), 10839–10842.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Strasbourg, 2017.
Keywords [en]
Cathode material and lithium battery and synthesis
National Category
Materials Chemistry
Research subject
Chemistry with specialization in Inorganic Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-337501OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-337501DiVA, id: diva2:1169868
Conference
The 2017 E-MRS Spring Meeting
Funder
StandUpAvailable from: 2017-12-30 Created: 2017-12-30 Last updated: 2018-01-08Bibliographically approved

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