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Svenskars kännedom om Livsmedelsverkets kostråd: En kvantitativ enkätstudie
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Swedish knowledge about dietary advice issued by the National Food Agency : A quantitative study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund I Sverige har över hälften av befolkningen övervikt eller fetma, enligt Folkhälsoinstitutet senaste rapport. Ytterligare en folkhälsorapport visar att 11 procent av Sveriges sjukdomsbörda idag beror på ohälsosamma matvanor.

Syfte Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur väl personer i Sverige, utifrån kön, ålder, egenrapporterat kroppsmasseindex (BMI) och utbildning, känner till Svenska Livsmedelsverkets (SLV) praktiska kostråd för att främja en god folkhälsa.

Metod En kvantitativ metod användes för studien. Data samlades in via ett internetbaserat enkätformulär där personer över 16 år besvarade 18 frågor som innefattade bakgrunds- samt ämnesfrågor. Data analyserades i IBM SPSS version 24.0 med Mann-Whitney U-test samt Kruskal Wallis test. Signifikansnivån sattes till p<0,05.

Resultat Totalt svarade 137 personer på enkäten, störst andel var kvinnor. Majoriteten av deltagarna uppgav en hög avslutad utbildningsnivå. Data var snedfördelad men visade på att den övergripande kännedomen om SLV:s kostråd var god. Att vara kvinna, ha en högre ålder, ett BMI motsvarande övervikt eller en vidareutbildning efter grundskolan var faktorer som bidrog till en högre skattad kännedom om kostråden. Deltagarnas främsta källa för inhämtande av information om dessa råd och rekommendationer var via internet, där kritiskt granskade och icke kritiskt granskade källor utgjorde ungefär lika stora delar.

Slutsats En generellt god kännedom om SLV:s råd och rekommendationer fanns bland den undersökta populationen. Utifrån studien genererades hypoteser om att många förmodligen har svårt att veta vilken kostinformation som är legitim samt hur de ska omsätta råden till praktiska inslag i vardagen.

Abstract [en]

Background In Sweden, over half of the population are overweight or obese, according to the latest report from the Swedish National Institute of Public Health. Another publication concerning general health indicates that approximately 11 percent of disease burden in Sweden can be directly related to unhealthy eating habits. 

Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the general knowledge, within the Swedish population, about the dietary advice issued by the National Food Agency (NFA). The difference between groups based on gender, age, self-reported Body Mass Index (BMI) and level of education were explored. 

Method A quantitative method was used, managed by a web-based questionnaire containing 18 questions. The participants were 16 years or older. The collected data was analyzed by using IBM SPSS version 24.0. Nonparametric tests were applied and the level of significance was set to p<0,05. 

Results In total, 137 individuals participated in the survey, the vast majority were women. Out of all participants, a great number had finished a higher level of education. Data was non-parametric distributed but indicated that general knowledge about dietary advice were good. Factors such as being a woman, being older, having a BMI indicating overweight or having a higher level of education were positively correlated with a higher knowledge about dietary advice. The primary source of information for dietary advice was, according to the participants, the Internet, critically as well as non-critically reviewed publications.

Conclusion The general knowledge about the dietary advice issued by the NFA was good across the population in this study. Hypotheses were generated, that people in general might have a hard time to determine what advices that are legit and also knowing how to use the advice in everyday life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keywords [sv]
Svenskar, Kostråd, Kännedom, Livsmedelsverket, Folkhälsa
National Category
Food Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-143458OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-143458DiVA, id: diva2:1169845
Subject / course
Examensarbete inom dietistprogrammet
Educational program
Degree of Bachelor in Dietetics
Available from: 2018-01-11 Created: 2017-12-29 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved

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