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Work-related stress assessed by a text message single-item stress question
Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Heart and Medicine Center, Occupational and Environmental Medicine Center. Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
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2017 (English)In: Occupational Medicine, ISSN 0962-7480, E-ISSN 1471-8405, Vol. 67, no 8, p. 601-608Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Given the prevalence of work stress-related ill-health in the Western world, it is important to find cost-effective, easy-to-use and valid measures which can be used both in research and in practice. Aims To examine the validity and reliability of the single-item stress question (SISQ), distributed weekly by short message service (SMS) and used for measurement of work-related stress. Methods The convergent validity was assessed through associations between the SISQ and subscales of the Job Demand-Control-Support model, the Effort-Reward Imbalance model and scales measuring depression, exhaustion and sleep. The predictive validity was assessed using SISQ data collected through SMS. The reliability was analysed by the test-retest procedure. Results Correlations between the SISQ and all the subscales except for job strain and esteem reward were significant, ranging from -0.186 to 0.627. The SISQ could also predict sick leave, depression and exhaustion at 12-month follow-up. The analysis on reliability revealed a satisfactory stability with a weighted kappa between 0.804 and 0.868. Conclusions The SISQ, administered through SMS, can be used for the screening of stress levels in a working population.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
OXFORD UNIV PRESS , 2017. Vol. 67, no 8, p. 601-608
Keyword [en]
Predictive validity; screening; single-item question; text message; work-related stress
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-143948DOI: 10.1093/occmed/kqx111ISI: 000417239800005PubMedID: 29016877OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-143948DiVA, id: diva2:1169743
Available from: 2017-12-29 Created: 2017-12-29 Last updated: 2018-01-26

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Wåhlin, Charlotte
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Department of Clinical and Experimental MedicineFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesOccupational and Environmental Medicine Center
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