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The Effects of Grade Retention on Human Capital Accumulation
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Grade retention is a widely used educational policy promoting human capital. However,its benets and costs are still under debate. Retention may aect learning, cognitive and psychologicalcapacities, educational attainment and the lifetime income (through the timingof entry to the labor market). This paper estimates the causal eects of grade retention onall these outcomes exploiting a retention rule based on the school GPA that enables a regressiondiscontinuity design. I use administrative data from a 15-years panel on the universeof students in the educational system in Chile. The ndings are fourfold. First, (marginally)retained students achieve the same amount of education than (marginally) promoted(i.e., high school graduation, higher education enrollment, etc.). Second, they improve theircognitive ability (measured by test scores) in the short and the long run. Third, inducesparents to increase parental time investments and expectations. Fourth, enhances studentpsychological traits, and overall learning experience.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala, 2017. , p. 74
Series
Working paper / Department of Economics, Uppsala University (Online), ISSN 1653-6975 ; 2017:15
Keywords [en]
Grade retention, attainment, cognitive achievement, high school graduation, parental investmet, self-esteem, learning
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-337403OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-337403DiVA, id: diva2:1169363
Available from: 2017-12-25 Created: 2017-12-25 Last updated: 2017-12-27Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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