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Sexuell läggning och suicidala tankar hos ungdomar
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund Psykisk ohälsa är ett ökande problem hos ungdomar. Suicidala tankar är ett försteg till suicid och olika faktorer kan öka risken för suicidala tankar. Världen över är suicid den tredje vanligaste dödsorsaken för ungdomar i åldern 15 – 19 år. Suicid räknas som en vårdskada om hälso- och sjukvården haft möjlighet att hindra individen att begå självmord via adekvata åtgärder. Därför ska hälso- och sjukvården arbeta förebyggande mot suicid. Försök till självmord redovisas i högre grad av ungdomar som är lesbiska, gay eller bisexuella (LGB). Ungdomarna upplevde att sjukvårdspersonal ibland kunde se homosexualitet som något avvikande.

Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva förekomsten av suicidala tankar utifrån sexuell läggning hos ungdomar.

Metod: Studiens design är en litteraturstudie. Totalt tio artiklar kvalitetsgranskades och analyserades. Artiklarnas likheter och skillnader beskrevs.

Resultat: Sexuell läggning har en påverkan på suicidala tankar. Ungdomar som definierades som LGB, sexuell minoritet eller haft sexuell kontakt med någon av samma kön rapporterade suicidala tankar i högre grad än heterosexuella ungdomar. Tjejer rapporterade suicidala tankar i högre grad än killar, oberoende av sexuell läggning.

Slutsats: Studier visar att det finns ett samband mellan sexuell läggning och suicidala tankar. Suicidala tankar är ett allvarligt problem som inte kan förbises, och därmed inte sambandet mellan sexuell läggning och suicidala tankar. Vidare forskning behövs både inom Sverige och internationellt. 

Abstract [en]

Background: Mental illness is an increasing problem among adolescents. Suicidal ideation is an early stage of suicide and different risk factors can increase the risk of suicidal ideations. All over the world suicide is the third most common cause of death among adolescents aged 15 – 19 years. Suicide is a care-damage if the health service had the possibility to prevent a person to commit suicide with adequate interventions. Therefore, the health service is required to work preventive towards suicide. Suicide attempts is reported in higher rate among adolescents who are lesbian, gay or bisexual (LGB). Some patients perceived that health personnel sometimes saw homosexuality as something abnormal.

Aim: The aim of the study was to describe the presence of suicidal ideations based on sexual orientation among adolescents.

Method: The literature study includes ten articles. The quality of the articles was analyzed. Then the articles similarities and differences were described.   

Results: Sexual orientation has an impact on suicidal ideations. Adolescents who were defined as LGB, sexual minority or had sexual contact with a person of the same gender reported suicidal ideation in a higher rate than heterosexual adolescents. Girls reported suicidal ideations in a higher rate than boys, regardless of sexual orientation.

Conclusion: Studies shows that there is a correlation between sexual orientation and suicidal ideation. Suicidal ideation is a severe problem that can’t be disregard, and neither the correlation between sexual orientation and suicidal ideation. Therefore, research need to be done, both in Sweden and worldwide. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 34
Keyword [en]
Sexual orientation, suicidal ideation, adolescent
Keyword [sv]
: Sexuell läggning, suicidala tankar, ungdomar
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-337284OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-337284DiVA, id: diva2:1168846
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Available from: 2017-12-29 Created: 2017-12-21 Last updated: 2017-12-29Bibliographically approved

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