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Lithium-Ion Battery Aspects on Fires in Electrified Vehicles on the Basis of Experimental Abuse Tests
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Electronics. Department of Physics, Chalmers University of Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5364-449X
RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Safety and Transport, Safety.
Department of Physics, Chalmers University of Technology.
2016 (English)In: Batteries, ISSN 2313-0105, Vol. 2, no 9, p. 1-13Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Safety issues concerning the use of large lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries in electrified vehicles are discussed based on the abuse test results of Li-ion cells together with safety devices for cells. The presented abuse tests are: overcharge, short circuit, propane fire test and external heating test (oven). It was found that in a fire, cells with higher state of charge (SOC) gave a higher heat release rate (HRR), while the total heat release (THR) had a lower correlation with SOC. One fire test resulted in a hazardous projectile from a cylindrical cell. In the fire tests, toxic gas emissions of hydrogen fluoride (HF) were measured for 100%, 50% and 0% SOC.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 2, no 9, p. 1-13
Keyword [en]
lithium-ion (Li-ion), battery, electrified vehicle, safety, thermal runaway, fire, hydrogen fluoride, toxic gases, abuse test
National Category
Physical Sciences Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ri:diva-32904DOI: 10.3390/batteries2020009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ri-32904DiVA, id: diva2:1168494
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 35755-1
Available from: 2017-12-20 Created: 2017-12-20 Last updated: 2017-12-22Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full texthttp://www.mdpi.com/2313-0105/2/2/9

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