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Att vara tillräcklig i en otillräcklig vård: En litteraturstudie om personcentrerad vård och sjuksköterskans prioriteringar
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
To be sufficient in an insufficient care : Person-centred care and the registered nurse prioritizations - a literature study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Kraven på hälso- och sjukvård växer i takt med den globala populationen. Forskning visar att behovet av vård ökar men att kvalitén på den blir allt lägre, vilket leder till en problematisering huruvida personcentrerad vård går att uppnå eller om det är en idealbild för vården. Vårdpersonal inom hälso- och sjukvård tror sig arbeta utifrån personcentrerad vård där patienten ses som person och sätts i centrum av vårdandet. Av föregående utformades litteraturstudiens syfte, att undersöka hur sjuksköterskans prioriteringar i omvårdnadsarbetet överensstämmer med en personcentrerad vård. Studien genomfördes som en allmän litteraturstudie med stöd av innehållsanalys där en jämförelse tog grund i att finna likheter och skillnader mellan hur sjuksköterskan prioriterade utifrån definitionen av personcentrerad vård. I litteraturstudiens resultat framkommer att sjuksköterskor uttryckte önskan om att bedriva vård utöver den, för dem, nödvändiga vården och att vården snarare genomfördes enligt rutiner där främst de medicinska behoven tillgodosågs än att identifiera patienters samtliga behov. Att bedriva vård i samråd med patienten har visats ha goda och gynnsamma följder för vårdandet, vilket karaktäriseras av den personcentrerade vården. Det anses vara av vikt att mer forskning fastställer hur personcentrerad vård kan implementeras inom hälso- och sjukvård. 

Abstract [en]

With a growing global population the demands on health care increases. Research shows that the need of care is getting bigger but quality is decreasing. A question rises, whether it is even possible to provide person-centred care or if it is an ideal picture of care. Healthcare professionals believe that they work based on person- centered care where the patient is seen as a person and at the heart of care. This led up to the aim of the study which was to show how registered nurses priorities in caring correspond with person-centered care. The study was conducted as a general literature study. Guided by content analysis similarities and differences, in registered nurses priorities related to person-centered care where found. The results show that registered nurses felt, unlike what they would want, that the care provided was not person-centered but rather what was necessary from a medical perspective. Instead of being person-centered and adapted to the individual at hand, care was based on routines. Providing care together with the patient is what characterizes person- centered care and it has beneficial consequences. It is of importance that future research explores how person-centered care could be implemented in health care. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 25
Keywords [en]
Nurse, nursing, priorities, person-centred care
Keywords [sv]
Prioriteringar, personcentrerad vård, sjuksköterska, omvårdnad
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-35913OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-35913DiVA, id: diva2:1167902
Subject / course
Nursing
Educational program
Nursing Programme, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-12-19 Last updated: 2017-12-19Bibliographically approved

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