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Firm renewal in the regional economy
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8942-9393
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis consists four independent papers. In each paper the purpose is to analyse firm renewal, with special consideration to regional characteristics. Highlighted here are the knowledge available in the region where a firm is located as well as the local supply of financial intermediaries.

The first paper analyses how the interaction of firms’ internal and external knowledge, in terms of knowledge intensive business services (KIBS), is related to the intensive and extensive margins of export flows. The second paper can be considered a continuation of the first, as the focus is solely on the export of new products. Also here, the interaction of internal and external knowledge is the main focus, analysed through education types. The results of these papers suggest that the regional contexts are indeed relevant for firm renewal, as firms that benefit from being located in areas with high external knowledge already have high internal knowledge.

The third paper shifts focus to the innovation process itself by analysing how the access to the local supply of banks is related to firms’ perceived obstacles for innovation activities. The results indicate that lower access to banks increases the probability to experience problems obtaining external capital, which could be detrimental for firms’ renewal possibilities in the long run. The fourth paper focus on the creation of firms and analyses whether individuals are more or less likely to be self-employed after having children in a context where an extensive welfare system exists. The results show that individuals are less likely to be self-employed after having children than before, thus lowering the rate of firm renewal in the economy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School , 2017. , p. 49
Series
JIBS Dissertation Series, ISSN 1403-0470 ; 118
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38235ISBN: 978-91-86345-80-8 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-38235DiVA, id: diva2:1167552
Public defence
2018-01-12, B1014, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-12-19 Last updated: 2017-12-19Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Internal and external knowledge and introduction of export varieties
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Internal and external knowledge and introduction of export varieties
2015 (English)In: The World Economy, ISSN 0378-5920, E-ISSN 1467-9701, Vol. 38, no 4, p. 629-654Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Firms in local industries maintain their capability to generate new export varieties by simultaneously exploiting internal and external knowledge resources. The paper introduces the notion ‘variety triplet’ to distinguish individual export varieties, where a triplet is a unique combination of a firm, a product code and a destination country. For each date, the set of variety triplets in each local industry records all remaining export varieties introduced in the past. In view of this, the paper examines how internal and external knowledge of local industries influence the industry's scope and value of export varieties. First, the paper contributes by considering a local industry's internal and external knowledge, as well as the conjunction of its internal and external knowledge sources. Second, the knowledge sources are shown to influence both the stock and the dynamics of a local industry's variety triplets, using firm-level data from Sweden.

National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-25258 (URN)10.1111/twec.12161 (DOI)000353906000003 ()2-s2.0-84927911400 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2014-12-09 Created: 2014-12-09 Last updated: 2017-12-19Bibliographically approved
2. Exporting firms’ absorptive capacity and innovative behaviour
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exporting firms’ absorptive capacity and innovative behaviour
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to examine the joint relationship between firms’ internal and external knowledge and their introduction of new export products. This is accomplished using the full population of Swedish manufacturing exporters for the period 2003–2013. The results indicate that, in most cases, firms only benefit from external knowledge if they have high internal knowledge that decreases their cognitive proximity to the external knowledge. This supports the hypothesised importance of absorptive capacity in facilitating the acquisition, assimilation and usage of related external knowledge in producing new products.

National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38232 (URN)
Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-12-19 Last updated: 2017-12-19Bibliographically approved
3. Access to banks and external capital acquisition: Perceived innovation obstacles
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Access to banks and external capital acquisition: Perceived innovation obstacles
2018 (English)In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, p. 1-27Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

We examine whether low access to banks is perceived as problematic when obtaining financial capital for innovation activities. Data on innovation obstacles from the Swedish Community Innovation Survey are combined with geo-coded data at the firm level, which allows us to proxy access to external capital by the Euclidian distance from each firm to its nearest bank and the supply within a radius of five kilometres. The results indicate that both a longer distance to the nearest bank and fewer banks in the vicinity are related to experiencing greater difficulties in obtaining external financial capital for innovations.

National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38234 (URN)10.1007/s00168-018-0863-8 (DOI)2-s2.0-85045453031 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-12-19 Last updated: 2018-05-02Bibliographically approved
4. Self-employment and parenthood
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Self-employment and parenthood
2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Studies from a multitude of countries suggest that women become self-employed after having children to facilitate the work-family balance. In Sweden, generous parental leave and heavily subsided childcare is available, facilitating for parents to hold salaried jobs. The purpose of this paper is to examine whether having children increases the likelihood of individuals being self-employed. One major contribution is that this study covers the whole population, including men, with a quantitative analysis, instead of a sample through interviews and/or surveys. The results suggest that most individuals are less likely to be self-employed after having children, thus contrasting most other studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: The Royal Institute of Technology, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS), 2017. p. 30
Series
CESIS Electronic Working Paper Series ; 453
Keyword
Self-employment, parenthood, children
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-35624 (URN)
Available from: 2017-05-30 Created: 2017-05-30 Last updated: 2017-12-19Bibliographically approved

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