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Development of a Supervised Multivariate Statistical Algorithm for Enhanced Interpretability of Multiblock Analysis.
Linköping University, Department of Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10,5 credits / 16 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Utveckling av en algoritm för förbättrad tolkningsbarhet av övervakad multivariat statistisk simultan analys av flera designmatriser. (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

In modern biological research, OMICs techniques, such as genomics, proteomics or metabolomics, are often employed to gain deep insights into metabolic regulations and biochemical perturbations in response to a specific research question. To gain complementary biologically relevant information, multiOMICs, i.e., several different OMICs measurements on the same specimen, is becoming increasingly frequent. To be able to take full advantage of this complementarity, joint analysis of such multiOMICs data is necessary, but this is yet an underdeveloped area.

In this thesis, a theoretical background is given on general component-based methods for dimensionality reduction such as PCA, PLS for single block analysis, and multiblock PLS for co-analysis of OMICs data. This is followed by a rotation of an unsupervised analysis method. The aim of this method is to divide dimensionality-reduced data in block-distinct and common variance partitions, using the DISCO-SCA approach.

Finally, an algorithm for a similar rotation of a supervised (PLS) solution is presented using data available in the literature. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that such an approach for rotation of a supervised analysis in block-distinct and common partitions has been developed and tested.This newly developed DISCO-PLS algorithm clearly showed an increased potential for visualisation and interpretation of data, compared to standard PLS. This is shown bybiplots of observation scores and multiblock variable loadings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 41
Keywords [en]
PCA, PLS, supervised multiblock analysis, common and distinctive variation
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-138112ISRN: LiTH-MAT-EX--2017/09--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-138112DiVA, id: diva2:1167314
Subject / course
Mathematics
Presentation
2017-05-15, 13:00 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-01-03 Created: 2017-12-18 Last updated: 2018-01-03Bibliographically approved

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