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Emergence of the Reactivity Continuum of Organic Matter from Kinetics of a Multitude of Individual Molecular Constituents
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Limnology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5884-1684
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - BMC, Analytical Chemistry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Limnology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9212-2555
University of Oldenburg, Germany.
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2017 (English)In: Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 0013-936X, E-ISSN 1520-5851, Vol. 51, no 20, p. 11571-11579Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The reactivity continuum (RC) model is a powerful statistical approach for describing the apparent kinetics of bulk organic matter (OM) decomposition. Here, we used ultrahigh resolution mass spectrometry data to evaluate the main premise of the RC model, namely that there is a continuous spectrum of reactivity within bulk OM, where each individual reactive type undergoes exponential decay. We performed a 120 day OM decomposition experiment on lake water, with an untreated control and a treatment preexposed to UV light, and described the loss of bulk dissolved organic carbon with RC modeling. The behavior of individual molecular formulas was described by fitting the single exponential model to the change in peak intensities over time. The range of the empirically derived apparent exponential decay coefficients (kexp) was indeed continuous. The character of the corresponding distribution, however, differed from the conceptual expectations, due to the effects of intrinsic averaging, overlaps in formula-specific loss and formation rates, and the limitation of the RC model to include apparently accumulating compounds in the analysis. Despite these limitations, both the RC model-simulated and empirical (mass spectrometry-derived) distributions of kexp captured the effects of preexposure to UV light. Overall, we present experimental evidence that the reactivity continuum within bulk OM emerges from a range of reactivity of numerous individual components. This constitutes direct empirical support for the major assumption behind the RC model of the natural OM decomposition.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 51, no 20, p. 11571-11579
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Natural Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-336860DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.7b02876ISI: 000413391800011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-336860DiVA, id: diva2:1167279
Available from: 2017-12-18 Created: 2017-12-18 Last updated: 2018-02-08

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Mostovaya, AlinaHawkes, Jeffrey A.Koehler, BirgitTranvik, Lars
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