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Ungdomar med ADHD – välmående, relationer och missbruk
Karlstad University.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Adolescent with ADHD – wellbeing, relationships and substance abuse (English)
Abstract [sv]

Diagnosen Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) är en av de vanligaste diagnoserna inom sitt område. ADHD är en riskfaktor för flera folkhälsoproblem såsom missbruk, kriminalitet och psykisk ohälsa, varför diagnosen bör mötas av tidiga, hälsofrämjande och preventiva insatser samt stöttning till både individen och individens närstående.Det övergripande syftet för den föreliggande studien är att undersöka mående, relationer och missbruk (rökning, alkohol och narkotikabruk) hos ungdomar med diagnosen ADHD med ungdomar utan ADHD som referensgrupp.Data för 4112 stycken ungdomar som, läsåret 2015/2016, gick i årskurs 7 eller årskurs 1 på gymnasiet erhölls ur Elevhälsodatabasen (ELSA) i Värmland, Sverige. Samtlig data baserades på den enkät som, av ungdomen, ifylls i samband med obligatorisk hälsoundersökning. Data innehöll information om diagnos, mående, relationer samt missbruk och analyserades genom deskriptiv statistik och logistisk regression. Av samtliga hade 269 personer diagnosen ADHD.Resultatet visade att ungdomarna med ADHD hade generellt sämre mående (aOR = 6,7), sämre relationer (aOR = 4,94) samt att de i högre utsträckning nyttjade tobak (aOR = 3,49), narkotika (aOR = 10,66) och alkohol (aOR = 1,35).Den föreliggande studiens resultat var i linje med tidigare utländska studier och visade att ungdomar med ADHD är en riskgrupp för flera av de stora folkhälsoproblemen. Resultatet visar vikten av tidiga insatser för målgruppen för att främja hälsa samt förebygga ohälsa och riskbeteende senare i livet.

Abstract [en]

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common diagnosis in its area. ADHD is a risk factor for several public health problems such as substance abuse, crime and mental illness and that’s why the diagnosis should be met with early, health promoting, preventing and supportive interventions to both the individual and his/her relatives.The over all aim of the present study is to examine well-being, relationships and substance abuse among adolescent with the diagnosis ADHD with adolescent without ADHD as reference.Data of total 4112 adolescent who, in the school year 2015/2016, were attending 7th grade or 1st grade in high school were obtained d from the Pupil Health Database in the county of Värmland, Sweden. Data included information about diagnosis, well-being, relationships and substance abuse and data were based on the questionnaire, filled out by the adolescent in connection with the mandatory health examinations. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and logistic regression and of all the adolescent 269 had the diagnosis ADHD.The adolescent with ADHD generally had lower well-being (aOR = 6,7), poorer relationships (aOR = 4,94) and they used more tobacco (aOR = 3,49), narcotics (aOR = 10,66) and alcohol (aOR = 1,35).The result of the present study confirmed earlier studies done in other countries and showed that adolescent with ADHD is a risk group for several major public health problems. The result shows the importance of early interventions for the target group to promote health and to prevent illness and risky behavior later in life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 39
Keyword [sv]
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Elevhälsovård, Relationer, Mående, Missbruk
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-65400OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-65400DiVA, id: diva2:1165881
Subject / course
Public Health Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-12-14 Created: 2017-12-14 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved

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Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

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