Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
The impacts of a Laki-like eruption on the present Swedish society
Show others and affiliations
2017 (English)In: Natural Hazards, ISSN 0921-030X, E-ISSN 1573-0840, Vol. 88, no 3, p. 1565-1590Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study, we analyse and discuss the possible impacts on the Swedish society of a volcanic eruption on Iceland, emitting ash particles and large quantities of sulphur dioxide. A scenario was developed, based on the historical Laki eruption of 1783-1784, to describe the content of a potential sulphur fog over time in Sweden. Due to its high complexity and the many uncertainties in the underpinning scientific data, the scenario was developed using a cross-disciplinary approach incorporating experts from different scientific fields. An analysis of the impacts of the hazard on human health, environment and technical equipment was then performed and, finally, representatives from national authorities assessed the overall societal challenges in responding to the consequences of a massive volcanic eruption. The analysis shows that it is the peak concentrations of sulphur dioxide and sulphuric acid rather than the longer periods of moderate concentrations that contribute most to the negative consequences for human health and environment. Altogether, three societal challenges were identified: the ability to compile and disseminate relevant information fast enough, to perform continuous measurements of concentrations of different substances in affected areas and to meet the large demand for medical care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPRINGER , 2017. Vol. 88, no 3, p. 1565-1590
Keyword [en]
Laki-like eruption, National risk assessment, Sulphur fog, Scenario development, Dispersion modelling, Health impacts
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-142876DOI: 10.1007/s11069-017-2933-0ISI: 000406767000013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-142876DiVA, id: diva2:1165509
Available from: 2017-12-13 Created: 2017-12-13 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(1133 kB)4 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1133 kBChecksum SHA-512
3e9954723432c46df2326600a33f616830f89986df459a2bee0e21c29fff06f4a24b9a8acfeb9b7c3864ef31ae63a7e07e110869ed6833da023b8bd1348e8ab6
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Bucht, Anders
By organisation
Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine
In the same journal
Natural Hazards
Occupational Health and Environmental HealthEnvironmental Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 4 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 34 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
v. 2.34-SNAPSHOT
|