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Constructing a professional: gendered knowledge in the (self-)positioning of skin and spa therapy students
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
2017 (English)In: Gender and Education, ISSN 0954-0253, E-ISSN 1360-0516, Vol. 29, no 7, p. 890-906Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study outlines the self-positioning of skin and spa therapy students. More specifically, it focuses how they position themselves as professionals in terms of knowledge, and how gender is at play throughout this process. Drawing on a poststructural approach, inspired by Foucault and feminist theory, regularities of description and self-description were analysed. This approach provides analytical tools for analysing how people engage with discourse in this micro-context of education and training, and feminist theory enables an understanding of how gender relations of power emerge. The material consists of interview transcripts derived from interviews with 20 skin and spa therapy students. The study shows how a scientific and caring professional emerges, producing gender relations as effects of power. Furthermore, a caring discourse is ultimately mobilised and a stereotyped image of the beauty industry is shown to govern students self-positioning, reproducing norms of gender and consumption.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2017. Vol. 29, no 7, p. 890-906
Keywords [en]
Beauty industry; gender; knowledge; caring dispositions; science; Foucault
National Category
Gender Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-143647DOI: 10.1080/09540253.2016.1185094ISI: 000415805500005Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84971384293OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-143647DiVA, id: diva2:1165369
Available from: 2017-12-13 Created: 2017-12-13 Last updated: 2018-09-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Shaped for beauty: Vocational and gendered subjectivities in private education for the beauty industry
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Shaped for beauty: Vocational and gendered subjectivities in private education for the beauty industry
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Skapad för skönhet : Yrkesmässiga och könade subjektiviteter i privat utbildning för skönhetsbranschen
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis was to answer the question: How are vocational, gendered subjectivities produced in vocational education for the beauty industry? Drawing on Foucault and poststructural feminist theory, this question is answered in four papers, in which the material consists of beauty-school recruitment and marketing material, interviews with skin and spa therapy students and observations of practical skin and spa therapy training. These are educational arrangements that are closely bound to the economic sector of the beauty industry, and they have remained remarkably unexplored. Various aspects of subjectivity production are explored throughout these papers: Paper I shows how the potential beauty student is shaped through processes of responsibilising and individualising in recruitment; Paper II shows how a scientific and caring professional emerges; Paper III shows how students learn to adopt a critical gaze towards bodies; and Paper IV shows how students are produced as emotional workers and learners, taking Hochschild’s term “emotional labour” as a point of departure. The results show how (medical) scientific knowledge becomes a resource in the production of the skin and spa therapy professional, mobilising gender relations of power, and neglecting other types of skills and knowledge. However, relational and caring aspects of work and learning emerge in the study through the way in which wider discourses of femininity inform the ways in which students are produced as professionals.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med avhandlingen var att svara på frågan: Hur produceras yrkesmässiga och könade subjekt i skönhetsbranschens yrkesutbildningar? Foucault och poststrukturalistisk feministisk teori användes för att svara på denna fråga i fyra artiklar där materialet bestod av rekryterings- och marknadsföringsmaterial gällande skönhetsutbildningar, intervjuer med hud- och spaterapeutstudenter samt observationer av praktiska lektioner i hud- och spaterapeututbildning. Dessa utbildningsarrangemang är nära sammanbundna med branschens ekonomiska sektor, men är outforskade till hög grad. Olika aspekter av subjektivitetsskapande undersöks i artiklarna: Den första artikeln visar hur den potentiella skönhetsstudenten skapas genom ansvariggörande och individualiserande processer i rekrytering; Den andra artikeln visar hur en vetenskaplig och omvårdnande professionell framträder; Den tredje artikeln visar hur hud- och spaterapeutstudenter lär sig lägga an en kritisk blick på kroppar; Den fjärde artikeln visar hur hud- och spaterapeutstudenter produceras som emotionella arbetare och lärande med utgångspunkt i Hochschilds begrepp ”emotional labour”. Resultaten i artiklarna visar hur (medicinsk) vetenskaplig kunskap blir en resurs när den professionella hud- och spaterapeuten produceras, vilket mobiliserar makt- och genusrelationer och osynliggör samtidigt andra typer av kunskaper. Relationella och omvårdnande aspekter av detta arbete och lärande framträder emellertid genom de sätt som bredare femininitetsdiskurser tas upp och mobiliseras när studenterna produceras som professionella.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2018. p. 83
Series
Linköping Studies in Behavioural Science, ISSN 1654-2029 ; 209
Keywords
Vocational Education and Training (VET), subjectivity, adult learning, power, gender, beauty industry, processes of becoming, caring knowledge, Yrkesutbildning, subjektivitet, vuxnas lärande, makt, genus, skönhetsindustrin, blivandeprocesser, omvårdnadskunskap
National Category
Gender Studies Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-150953 (URN)10.3384/diss.diva-150953 (DOI)9789176852484 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-09-14, I:101, I-huset, Campus Valla, Linköping, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-09-06 Created: 2018-09-06 Last updated: 2018-09-06Bibliographically approved

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