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Patienters upplevelser av psykiatrisk tvångsvård: En litteraturöversikt
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
Ersta Sköndal University College, Department of Health Care Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Patients’ experience regarding compulsory psychiatric care : A literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Flera tusen personer vårdas varje år enligt lagen om psykiatrisk tvångsvård (LPT). Tvångsvård får endast utföras om patienten lider av allvarligpsykisk störning, motsätter sig vård och har ett oundvikligt behov av vårdsom endast kan tillgodoses på en sluten psykiatrisk avdelning. Patientersom lider av allvarliga psykotiska tillstånd, depressioner med suicidtankareller har andra allvarliga psykiska funktionsnedsättningar kan vara i behov av tvångsvård.

Syfte: Att beskriva vuxna patienters upplevelser av psykiatrisk tvångsvård.

Metod: Litteraturöversikt av 12 kvalitativa studier publicerade mellan år 2001–2015 är hämtade från databaserna CINAHL Complete, PubMed och psycINFO. Artiklarna analyserades sedan i enlighet med Fribergsmetodbeskrivning (2012) för att identifiera likheter och skillnader och kategoriserades slutligen i fem teman vilka var; Att bli informerad, Att varadelaktig, Att bli sedd och respekterad som människa, Att behålla integritetoch autonomi, Den egna synen på tvångsvård som behandling.

Resultat: Patienter upplevde brist på information och delaktighet i sin vård.Upplevelser av vårdpersonal som utnyttjade sin maktposition, var ignorantoch visade en brist på kompetens. Patienterna uppgav en viss ambivalensgällande om tvångsvården hade varit nödvändig eller inte.

Diskussion: Metoddiskussionen koncentreras runt styrkor och svagheter i urvalet avartiklar samt till tematiseringsprocessen. I resultatdiskussion så diskuteraspatienternas upplevelser av sjuksköterskans omvårdnad och bemötande.Vidare diskuteras vad som kan påverka dessa variabler och på vilket sätt dessa påverkar patienten. Detta anknyts till Erikssons (1994) teori omlidande.

Abstract [en]

Background: Several thousands of people are treated each year in accordance to the Swedish law regarding compulsory psychiatric care, lag om psykiatrisktvångsvård (LPT). Compulsory psychiatric care can only be applied if thepatient is suffering from a severe psychiatric condition, is opposing careand has an unavoidable need of care that only can be given in a lockedpsychiatric ward. Patients’ suffering from severe psychotic conditions,depressions with suicidal thoughts or other severe psychiatric disabilitiesmay be in need of coercive care.

Aim: To describe adult patients’ experiences of compulsory psychiatric care.

Method: Literature review of 12 qualitative studies published between the years of2001–2015 and was gathered from databases CINAHL Complete, PubMed and psycINFO. The studies were analyzed in accordance with Friberg’s description of method (2012) to identify similarities anddifferences and the data was then categorized into five different themeswhich were; To be informed, To be participating, To be seen andrespected as a human being, To keep ones integrity and autonomy, Theown view on compulsory psychiatric care as treatment.

Results: Patients experienced a lack of information and a lack of involvement intheir own care. Experiences of staff abusing their position of powertowards the patients, acting ignorant and showing a lack of competence.Patients were ambivalent towards the necessity of coercive care.

Discussion: The strengths and weaknesses of the method is discussed and thediscussion is mainly centred around the sampling of articles and the thematization process. The patients' experiences of nursing activities andtreatment are discussed. Furthermore, what could have an impact ontheese variables and what impact theese variables might have on thepatients is discussed. This is discussed in relation to Eriksson’s (1994) theory on suffering from care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 33
Keywords [en]
Compulsory care, Psychiatric care, Experience, Patient
Keywords [sv]
Tvångsvård, Psykiatrisk vård, Upplevelse, Patient
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:esh:diva-6531OAI: oai:DiVA.org:esh-6531DiVA, id: diva2:1165231
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-12-13 Created: 2017-12-12 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved

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