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Skolsköterskans arbete med flyktingbarn: En intervjustudie med skolsköterskor
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The school nurse's work with refugee children : An interview study with school nurses (English)
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Bakgrund: Sverige har aldrig tidigare tagit emot så många flyktingar under så kort period som man gjorde under 2015. Många av dessa flyktingar kommer från länder med krig och förföljelse. Skolsköterskan möter flyktingbarnen och deras hälsorelaterade problem i skolan. Studien handlar om skolsköterskans upplevelser och erfarenheter av arbetet med och kring flyktingbarnen.

Syfte: Syftet är att belysa skolsköterskans erfarenheter av arbetet med flyktingbarn inom skolhälsovården.

Metod: Studien genomfördes med en kvalitativ induktiv ansats med semistrukturerade intervjufrågor. Sex skolsköterskor intervjuades från Kalmar och Nybro kommun i södra Sverige. Data analyserades med en kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

Resultat: Skolsköterskorna hade erfarenheter av att arbetet med flyktingbarnen påverkade och förändrade deras arbetssituation. Det som utmärkte sig i skolsköterskornas erfarenheter av arbetet med flyktingbarnen var dels ett ökat arbete med journalgranskning inför vaccinationer. Det framkom också att skolsköterskorna hade erfarenheter av ökade behov av hälsovårdande insatser inom följande områden hos flyktingbarnen: svårtolkade uttrycksformer från flyktingbarnen för olika hälsotillstånd, kulturella skillnader i attityder om hälsa och egenvårdsråd, brister i tolksituationen, samt att de önskade mer utbildning kring arbetet med flyktingbarn, framförallt inom psykisk ohälsa.  

Slutsats: Skolsköterskans arbete med flyktingbarnen utmärkte sig genom en ökad arbetsbelastning. Det ställdes nya krav på skolsköterskornas kompetens och arbete då andra uttrycksformer och attityder till hälsa och ohälsa gestaltades från flyktingbarnen än de som skolsköterskan tidigare var vana vid. Även brister i tolksituationen framkom. Detta var faktorer som påverkade arbetssituationen för skolsköterskorna och det framkom flera idéer om förbättring inom området.

Abstract [en]

Abstract

Background: Sweden has ever received as many refugees as during the year of 2015. Many refugees migrate from countries with war and persecution. The nurses meet the refugee children on a regular basis and are confronted with their health-related problems in school. This study investigates the experience of the nurses related to their work with these children.

Aim: The aim is to highlight the experience from the school nurses perspective of working with refugee children within school health care.

Method: The study was conducted by using a qualitative inductive approach with semi- structured interview questions. Six school nurses were interviewed from Kalmar and Nybro, cities in the south of Sweden. Data was analyzed with a qualitative content analysis.

Results: The school nurses generally felt that the work with the refugee children affected their work situation. It was also found that the school nurses experienced these children were in need of an increased amount of health care attention. The results of this study showed that the nurses needed to spend more time on reading the medical records before vaccination appointments with refugee children, as well as it was time consuming to read up on the need of supplementary vaccinations. Moreover, they found that the refugee children had different ways of communicating health care related problems and had different perspective on self-care advices. Honor-related complications as well as lingual misunderstandings were some of the new challenges for the nurses. Finally, the nurses signaled that they wanted to learn more about the work with refugee children, especially within the field of mental illness.

Conclusion: The school nurse's work with the refugee children was characterized by a workload. The nurses experienced that the refugee children were communicating health care related problems differently from what the nurses were used to. There were also shortcomings in the interpretation situation. This was all factors which changed their work tasks and work situation.  The study revealed several areas of improvement regarding the school nurse's work with refugee children. These were factors that affected the workforce of the school nurses

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 40
Keyword [en]
school nurses, experiences, refugee children, school health care, transcultural care
Keyword [sv]
skolsköterskor, erfarenheter, flyktingbarn, skolhälsovård, transkulturell omvårdnad
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-69171OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-69171DiVA, id: diva2:1164419
Subject / course
Vårdvetenskap
Educational program
Specialist Nursing Programme, with Specialism in Primary Health Care, 75 credits
Presentation
, Kalmar (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-12-15 Created: 2017-12-11 Last updated: 2017-12-15Bibliographically approved

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