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Tribological properties of highly oriented Ti(C,N) deposited by chemical vapor deposition
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Inorganic Chemistry.
Seco Tools AB.
Seco Tools AB.
AB Sandvik Coromant.
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2018 (English)In: Tribology International, ISSN 0301-679X, E-ISSN 1879-2464, Vol. 119, p. 593-599Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Two Ti(C,N) coatings were tested by means of micro abrasion and scratch testing. The coatings differed in grain size, orientation (<111> and <111>, <311> and <211> respectively) and hardness (36 GPa and 23 GPa respectively). The <111> oriented coating had a 20% higher wear resistance compared to the reference coating when abraded with 1 pm diamonds. When abraded with 6 pm diamonds the abrasion resistance of the reference coating was superior compared to the <111> oriented coating by 36%. Furthermore, it was found that the <111> oriented coating had 35% better adhesion compared to the reference. The improved mechanical properties of the <111> oriented coating was attributed to a high degree of orientation and the higher hardness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 119, p. 593-599
National Category
Materials Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-335909DOI: 10.1016/j.triboint.2017.11.040ISI: 000424960500056OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-335909DiVA, id: diva2:1164134
Funder
Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research , RMA15-0048Available from: 2017-12-10 Created: 2017-12-10 Last updated: 2018-04-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Cutting Edge Titanium-based CVD Hard Coatings
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cutting Edge Titanium-based CVD Hard Coatings
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Modern tools for metal cutting applications, such as turning or milling, are typically improved with a thin protective coating. Despite being only a few microns thick, the coating can increase the lifetime of the tool by more than 100 times compared to an uncoated tool. Two different types of techniques are normally used to deposit the coatings, i.e. chemical vapor deposition (CVD) or physical vapor deposition (PVD). A CVD coated tool often includes several different layers. TiN-Ti(C,N)-Al2O3-TiN is a common combination. The research in this thesis has focused on deposition, characterization, and optimization of TiN and Ti(C,N) layers. CVD has been used to deposit all coatings studied in this thesis. They were characterized with a variety of techniques such as: X-ray diffraction, electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy.

TiN was deposited on three different substrates, Co, Fe and Ni. It was found that the TiN coating was strongly affected by the substrate. TiN deposited on Fe substrates resulted in a porous interface caused by substrate etching by the reaction gas mixture. CVD of TiN on Ni substrates resulted in an unwanted intermetallic phase (Ni3Ti) in addition to TiN. Etching or corrosion of the Fe substrates could be reduced by lowering the deposition temperature. In addition, the formation of (Ni3Ti) could be significantly reduced by adjusting the partial pressure of the reactant gases. This shows that CVD of TiN on cutting tools with Fe or Ni as a binder phase needs to be optimized with respect to the process parameters.

Thermodynamic calculations of the Ti(C,N) CVD process indicates that the major growth species using CH3CN, TiCl4 and H2 as precursors, was HCN and TiCl3. They were formed in the gas phase by homogeneous reactions. Furthermore, it was found that by adjusting the composition of the reaction gas mixture, the preferred orientation, morphology, and micro-structure of the Ti(C,N) coatings could be tailored. As a result, the tribological/mechanical properties of the Ti(C,N) coatings could be significantly improved. A hardness of 40 GPa, i.e. close to super hard could for instance be achieved. The origin of the mechanical improvements was attributed to a more ordered crystallographic orientation in the <111> direction as well as a high defect density close to the coating surface. In addition to the excellent mechanical properties, the Ti(C,N) coatings were also found to have a high corrosion resistance in sea water, thanks to a formation of a passivating surface layer (TiO2).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2018. p. 77
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1609
Keywords
CVD, Hard coatings, Ti(C, N), TiN
National Category
Inorganic Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-335907 (URN)978-91-513-0184-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-02-02, Polhemssalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 09:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-01-12 Created: 2017-12-10 Last updated: 2018-03-07

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